Icons and murals depicting the biblical scene of the Last Judgment adorned many Eastern-rite churches in medieval and early modern Ukraine. Dating from the twelfth to the eighteenth centuries, these images were extraordinarily elaborate, composed of dozens of discrete elements reflecting Byzantine, Novgorodian, Moldavian, and Catholic influences, in addition to local and regional traditions. Over time, the details of the iconography evolved in response to changing cultural resources, the conditions of material life at the time, and new trends in mentality and taste.
The World to Come lists and describes more than eighty Last Judgment images from present-day Ukraine, eastern Slovakia, and southeastern Poland, making it the largest compilation of its kind. Photographs show overviews and details of the images, and most are printed in full color. The icons and murals provide a valuable source of knowledge about the culture in which they were created: what was meant by good and evil, what was prophesied for the future, and what awaited in the afterlife.
About the Author
John-Paul Himka is Professor of History in the Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta.
Table of Contents
A Note on Place Names viii
List of Images xliii
List of Museums li
Icons on Wood, Fifteenth Century 1
Icons on Wood, Sixteenth to Mid-Seventeenth Centuries 21
Icons on Wood, Mid-Seventeenth to Eighteenth Centuries 165
Icons on Canvas 259
Printed Icons 319
Illuminated Manuscript 327
Works Cited 335