Tirpitz in Norway: X-craft midget submarines raid the fjords, Operation Source 1943

Tirpitz in Norway: X-craft midget submarines raid the fjords, Operation Source 1943


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This study explores, in detail, the gripping tale of a handful of British X-Craft submarines which stole into one of the best-protected anchorages of World War II and crippled the great German battleship Tirpitz.

In September 1943, under the cover of darkness, six British midget submarines crept into the heart of enemy territory, penetrating a heavily guarded Norwegian fjord in an attempt to eliminate the threat of the powerful German battleship, the Tirpitz. Numerous previous attempts to attack the ship from both air and sea had failed, and this mission was carefully strategized and undertaken by skilled operatives who had undergone extensive training in an isolated sea loch. Though five of the six X-Craft submarines were either lost or captured, two crews had just enough time to lay their explosive charges, which detonated after they were forced to the surface, putting the Tirpitz out of action for a crucial six-month period. Masterminded from a top-secret naval headquarters on the east coast of Scotland, Operation Source has been memorialized as one of the most daring naval raids of World War II.

This new study tells the complete story of this epic operation in unparalleled detail, supported by full-color illustrations and contemporary photography.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781472835857
Publisher: Bloomsbury USA
Publication date: 11/26/2019
Series: Raid
Pages: 80
Sales rank: 758,888
Product dimensions: 7.10(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.30(d)

About the Author

Angus Konstam hails from the Orkney Islands, and is the author of over 80 books, 60 of which are published by Osprey. This acclaimed author has written widely on naval history, from Sovereigns of the Seas and Piracy: The Complete History to his most recent bestseller, Jutland 1916: Twelve Hours to Win the War. A former naval officer and museum professional, he worked as the Curator in both the Royal Armories, Tower of London and the Mel Fisher Maritime Museum in Key West, Florida. He now works as a full-time author and historian, and lives in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Table of Contents

Introduction 4

Initial Strategy 6

The Arctic Convoys 6

The German response 9

The Tirpitz 10

The Plan 17

Chariots and Midgets 17

Operation Title 20

The X-craft 21

Preparing for Operation Source 28

The Raid 35

The passage 35

Through the fjord 43

The approach 48

The attack 55

Aftermath 72

The straggler 72

The battleship 74

Analysis 76

Conclusion 78

Further Reading 79

Index 80

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