The intersection of community development, tourism and planning is a fascinating one. Tourism has long been used as a development strategy, in both developed and developing countries, from the national to local levels. These approaches have typically focused on economic dimensions with decisions about tourism investments, policies and venues driven by these economic considerations. More recently, the conversation has shifted to include other aspects – social and environmental – to better reﬂect sustainable development concepts. Perhaps most importantly is the richer focus on the inclusion of stakeholders.
An inclusionary, participatory approach is an essential ingredient of community development and this brings both ﬁelds even closer together. It reﬂects an approach aimed at building on strengths in communities, and fostering social capacity and capital. In this book, the dimensions of the role tourism plays in community development are explored. A panoply of perspectives are presented, tackling such questions as, can tourism heal? How can tourism development serve as a catalyst to overcome social injustices and cultural divides?
This book was originally published as a special issue of Community Development.
About the Author
Rhonda G. Phillips, Ph.D., AICP, CEcD is a professor, a planner and community economic developer with experience in tourism-based development approaches. Her research and service outreach includes assessing community well-being and quality-of-life outcomes, and fostering balanced approaches to planning and development.
Sherma Roberts is a lecturer in tourism and programme leader for the M.Sc. Tourism programmes, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus. Dr. Roberts recently co- edited New Perspectives in Caribbean Tourism and Marketing Island Destinations. Research includes tourism policy and planning, sustainable tourism, tourism entrepreneurship, and community participation.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. Incorporating social justice in tourism planning: racial reconciliation and sustainable community development in the Deep South 3. An analysis of factors mediating community participation outcomes in tourism 4. Tourism planning and power within micropolitan community development 5. Community understanding of the impact of temporary visitors on incidental destinations 6. Sustainable practices of community tourism planning: lessons from a remote community 7. Engaging residents in planning for sustainable rural-nature tourism in post-communist Poland 8. Participatory modeling as a tool for community development planning: tourism in the Northern Forest 9. Golden Geese or White Elephants? The Paradoxes of World Heritage Sites and Community-Based Tourism Development in Agra, India