"Alcibiades attempted to seduce Socrates, he wanted to make him, and in the most openly avowed way possible, into someone instrumental and subordinate to what? To the object of Alcibiades's desire – ágalma, the good object.I would go even further. How can we analysts fail to recognize what is involved? He says quite clearly: Socrates has the good object in his stomach. Here Socrates is nothing but the envelope in which the object of desire is found.It is in order to clearly emphasize that he is nothing but this envelope that Alcibiades tries to show that Socrates is desire's serf in his relations with Alcibiades, that Socrates is enslaved to Alcibiades by his desire. Although Alcibiades was aware that Socrates desired him, he wanted to see Socrates's desire manifest itself in a sign, in order to know that the other – the object, ágalma – was at his mercy.Now, it is precisely because he failed in this undertaking that Alcibiades disgraces himself, and makes of his confession something that is so affectively laden. The daemon of Αἰδώς (Aidós), Shame, about which I spoke to you before in this context, is what intervenes here. This is what is violated here. The most shocking secret is unveiled before everyone; the ultimate mainspring of desire, which in love relations must always be more or less dissimulated, is revealed – its aim is the fall of the Other, A, into the other, a."Jacques Lacan
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About the Author
Jacques Lacan (1901-1981) was one of the twentieth–century's most influential thinkers. His works include Écrits, The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis and the many other volumes of The Seminar.
Table of Contents
I. In the Beginning Was LoveII. Set and CharactersIII. The Metaphor of Love: PhaedrusIV. The Psychology of the Rich: PausaniasV. Medical Harmony: EryximachusVI. Deriding the Sphere: AristophanesVII. The Atopia of Eros: AgathonVIII. From Epistéme to MýthosIX. Exit from the Ultra-WorldX. ÁgalmaXI. Between Socrates and AlcibiadesXII. Transference in the PresentXIII. A Critique of CountertransferenceXIV. Demand and Desire in the Oral and Anal StagesXV. Oral, Anal, and GenitalXVI. Psyche and the Castration ComplexXVII. The Symbol XVIII. Real PresenceXIX. Sygne’s NoXX. Turelure’s AbjectionXXI. Pensée’s DesireXXII. Structural DecompositionXXIII. Slippage in the Meaning of the IdealXXIV. Identification via “ein einziger Zug”XXV. The Relationship between Anxiety and DesireXXVI. “A Dream of a Shadow Is Man”XXVII. Mourning the Loss of the Analyst