The focus of this book is to present the latest aspects in the area of human behavior and its relation to planning of an optimal traffic safety. The contributions from authors in various disciplines such as scientists, medical practitioners, administrators and practitioners from the car industry examine how road-user behavior can cause accidents and how decision-makers from various sectors of society may influence road users' behavior. The development of modern vehicles and new traffic systems requires more sophisticated behavior and technology. New medical technologies such as improved neuropsychologic methods and descriptive mapping of behavior with imaging techniques facilitate the understanding of the anatomy and physiology of human behavior. The increased knowledge of normal and pathologic behavior contributes to strenghten primary prevention with the goal of reducing traffic accidents.
|Publisher:||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2000|
|Product dimensions:||6.69(w) x 9.53(h) x 0.04(d)|
Table of ContentsAke Nygren, Arne Wittlöv: Preface.- Hans von Holst, Ake Nygren, Ake E. Andersson: Introduction.- Ricardo Martinez: The Status of Traffic Safety in the United States.- A.H. van Zomeren, Frederiec K. Withaar, Wiebo H. Brouwer: Brain Anatomy, Impairments and Driving.- Donald MacGregor, Paul Slovic: Perceived Risk and Driving Behavior: Lessons for Improving Traffic Safety in Emerging Market Countries.- David Shinar: Behavior, Technology and Traffic Safety.- Oliver Carsten: New Technologies and Behavior- Problem or Cure?.- Masaki Koshi: Built-in Social/Administrative Mechanism for Traffic Safety.- Heikki Summala: Behavior and Risk Typology: Disaggregation of Accident Statistics and Behavior.- Peter Makeham: Traffic Education Strategy.- Victor Nell: An Evolutionary Perspective on the Prevention of Youthful Risk-taking: The Case for Classical Conditioning.- Gerald J.S. Wilde: Alcohol, Fatigue, Inattention and Other Causes of Accidents and Their Significance for an Effective Accident Prevention Strategy.- Tohru Aruga, Tetsuya Sakamoto, Katsihiko Sugomoto, Yasufumi Miyake: Brain Injury after Traffic Accidents.- Heru Sutomo: Cultural Lag in Safety in Indonesia: A Case in Yogyakarta Arterial Road Environment.- Hideyuki Kita: Design of Driving Environment, Driving Behavior, and Traffic Safety.- Fred Goldberg: The Electronic Driving License Saves Lifes When Used as an Ignition Key.- Kyungwoo Kang: Ordered Probit Model of the Speed Selection Behavior: Results Based on a Korean Micro Data.- Stephen G. Stradling, Dianne Parker, Timo Lajunen, Michelle L. Meadows, Cheng Qiu Xie: Normal Behavior and Traffic Safety: Violations, Errors, Lapses and Crashes.- Jean-Pascal Assailly: Young People Drunk-driving: Process and Outcome Evaluation of PreventiveActions.- G. Gururaj: Behavior and Road Safety: A Multidimensional Issue - Implications for Road Safety Programmes in Developing Countries.- Tarumi Yamaki, Toshihiro Higuchi, Yoshio Imahori, Yoshihiro Iwamoto, Masahito Fumimoto: Imaging Techniques in the Evaluation of Behavior after Traffic Accidents.- Radin Umar RS: The Effects of Targeted Safety Campaign and Enforcement Programs in Hulu Langat District, Malaysia.- Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Eizo Hideshima: Automobile Safety Devices and Offsetting Behavior: A Japanese Experience.- Tsuneo Matsuura: Driving Attitudes and Skills as a Function of Experience.- Zmarak Shalizi: Motorization in Developing Countries: Implications for Public and Private Sectors.- List of Contributors.-