Troublemakers: Students' Rights and Racial Justice in the Long 1960s

Troublemakers: Students' Rights and Racial Justice in the Long 1960s

by Kathryn Schumaker


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While the Beatles still largely stuck to love songs on Rubber Soul, the lyrics represented a quantum leap in terms of thoughtfulness, maturity, and complex ambiguities. Musically, too, it was a substantial leap forward, with intricate folk-rock arrangements that reflected the increasing influence of Dylan and the Byrds. The group and George Martin were also beginning to expand the conventional instrumental parameters of the rock group, using a sitar on "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)," Greek-like guitar lines on "Michelle" and "Girl," fuzz bass on "Think for Yourself," and a piano made to sound like a harpsichord on the instrumental break of "In My Life." While John and {|Paul|} were beginning to carve separate songwriting identities at this point, the album is full of great tunes, from "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)" and "Michelle" to "Girl," "I'm Looking Through You," "You Won't See Me," "Drive My Car," and "Nowhere Man" (the last of which was the first Beatle song to move beyond romantic themes entirely). {|George Harrison|} was also developing into a fine songwriter with his two contributions, "Think for Yourself" and the Byrds-ish "If I Needed Someone." [A remasterd vinyl version was released in 2012.]

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781479875139
Publisher: New York University Press
Publication date: 07/02/2019
Pages: 288
Sales rank: 979,871
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Kathryn Schumaker is Edith Kinney Gaylord Presidential Professor and Assistant Professor in the Department of Classics and Letters at the University of Oklahoma.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ix

Introduction 1

1 The Right to Free Speech: Students and the Black Freedom Struggle in Mississippi 11

2 The Right to Equal Protection: Segregation and Inequality in the Denver Public Schools 51

3 The Right to Due Process: Student Discipline and Civil Rights in Columbus, Ohio 92

4 A Right to Equal Education: The Fourteenth Amendment and American Schools 131

5 Tinkers Troubled Legacy: Discipline, Disorder, and Race in the Schools, 1968-1985 171

Epilogue 209

Acknowledgments 215

Notes 219

Index 269

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