This book attempts to explain the scientific basis for UHT sterilization and aseptic filling, as well as describe the processes and equipment used. I have tried to avoid producing merely a catalogue of sterilizers and aseptic fillers. Instead I have attempted to explain the principles on which the different types of plant operate, and discuss the factors which influence performance, so that information given by manufac turers may be assessed by readers in relation to their own processing requirements. Statements are generally supported by references. Where no re ference is given, personal experience or my interpretation of the work of others is my justification. Although the book deals mainly with milk and milk products, I hope that the information it contains will be useful to those dealing with other products, since the principles of processing are in general the same. The book is based on more than 30 years' involvement with research into UHT processing and aseptic filling. During this time I have been fortunate to work with and to talk to many people from whom I have learned a great deal. I benefited from conta.cts with Dr T. R. Ashton (England) and Professor H. Hostettler. (Switzerland), who were pioneers in the commercial development of UHT milk. More recently I have been privileged to know and work with research workers in many countries having a common interest in UHT processing. Of these, I should mention particularly Professors E. L. Thomas, V. A.
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Table of ContentsDedication.- Preface.- 1. Introduction and Historical.- 2. Bacteriology of the Heat Sterilization of Milk ..- 3. Chemical and Physical Changes in Milk at High Temperatures.- 4. Types of UHT Processing Plant.- 5. Performance of UHT Processing Plant ..- 6. Aseptic Filling.- 7. Cleaning and Sterilization of UHT Processing Plant and Aseptic Fillers.- 8. Connection of Aseptic Fillers to UHT Processing Plant.- 9. Properties of UHT -Processed Milk.- 10. Fouling of Heat Exchangers.- 11. Laboratory and Legislative Control.