When the first Federal troops arrived in the spring of 1861, Maryland was in the precarious position of a border state. Predominately loyal to the Union, Marylanders saw the influx of soldiers as defenders. Yet for the minority supporting the Confederacy, the Federals were oppressors. Historian Claudia Floyd explores this complex relationship between Maryland civilians and their Union occupiers. Residents on both sides of the conflict faced pillaging, vandalizing and criminal acts from errant soldiers. Civilians also quickly realized that Federal troops could not guarantee protection from Confederate invasions. Meanwhile, there was a strong backlash over African American emancipation and enlistment in the longtime slave state. Through contemporary accounts, Floyd creates a nuanced portrait of citizens and soldiers caught up in the turbulent upheaval of war.
About the Author
Claudia Floyd is the author of Maryland Women in the Civil War: Unionists, Rebels, Slaves & Spies" (The History Press, 2013). She is a recently retired professor of history at Stevenson University. Currently she volunteers at Monocacy National Battlefield and is an active member of the Society of Women and the Civil War. Floyd earned an MLA from Johns Hopkins University, and a PhD from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. She is a resident of Baltimore, Maryland."
Table of Contents
1 Militarization of Maryland 21
2 Discipline in the Union Army 37
3 Soldiers versus Civilians 53
4 John Barleycorn and the Enablers 69
5 United States Colored Troops, Free Blacks and Slaves 81
6 Secessionists in Jeopardy 99
7 Union Soldiers: Myth and Reality 113
8 Through the Union Soldiers' Eyes 129
9 Legacy: The Quest for Normalcy 143
Selected Bibliography 165
About the Author 173