U.S. Foreign Policy and the New International Economic Order is an authoritative account of the development of U.S. policy toward the New International Economic Order (NIEO) from its inception in 1974 through the Eleventh Special Session of the General Assembly in August-September 1980. Olson concentrates on the latter stages of the North-South dialogue, analyzing U.S. policy in the context of broad foreign policy objectives pursued since the end of World War II and also in light of the events of the seventies and the 1980 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. On the premise that policy is, ultimately, what happens at the negotiating table, he also specifically examines the record of U.S. negotiations on the Common Fund, UNCTAD V, and other major North-South meetings during 1979-1980. This material, together with an examination of how policy is made within the U.S. bureaucracy, who makes it, and why, provides fresh insight into a complex process.
Olson seeks to determine if and to what extent U.S. policy serves basic U.S. interests and whether the negotiating process has been an effective medium for global problem solving. He concludes that althought U.S. policy and practice do serve traditional U.S. foreign policy interests, the political cost is high. He also concludes that NIEO negotiations have not been an effective means for global problem solving and that rapid change in political and economic realities has rendered obsolete the basic concepts – the very mechanisms for problem solving – on both sides.
About the Author
Robert K. Olson is a retired U.S. Foreign Service officer and a former official of the U.S. Department of State, USA.
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
1. U.S. Policy and the Third World: The Postwar Era
2. The North-South dialogue: Phase 1
3. The Road to Manila
4. UNCTAD V: A Case Study of Negotiations
5. Summer 1979: Full Circle
6. Rude Awakening
7. Toward Preservation of the International Order