The story of how the US Navy developed its first battleship fleet, their first combat test in the Spanish-American War, and the battleships' careers through World War I.
This fully illustrated study examines the US's first six battleships, a story of political compromises, clean sheet designs, operational experience, and experimental improvements. These ships directly inspired the creation of an embryonic American military-industrial complex, enabled a permanent outward-looking shift in American foreign policy, and laid the foundations of the modern US Navy.
After the American Civil War, the US Navy had been allowed to decay into complete insignificance, yet the commissioning of the modern Brazilian battleship Riachuelo and poor performance against the contemporary Spanish fleet, forced the US out of its isolationist posture towards battleships.
The first true US battleships began with the experimental Maine and Texas, followed by the three-ship Indiana class, and the Iowa class, which incorporated lessons from the previous ships. These initial ships set the enduring US battleship standard of being heavily armed and armored at the expense of speed.
About the Author
Born in 1981, Brian Lane Herder graduated with a BA in History from the University of Kansas in 2003, and a Masters of Library Science from Emporia State University in 2009. He is a legislative librarian for the Kansas state government and his historical research interests include the US military, naval warfare, and World War II. He lives in Topeka, Kansas.
Table of Contents
Design and Development 5
The New Navy
US pre-dreadnought weapons
Large Monitors 1874-1903 11
USS Puritan (1896)
Amphitrite class (1891-96)
USS Monterey (1893)
Arkansas class (1902-03)
Second-Class Battleships 1886-95 17
USS Maine (1895)
USS Texas (1895)
First-Class Battleships 1889-97 24
Indiana class (1895-96)
USS Iowa (1897)
Operational History 32
The Maine disaster, February 15, 1898
The Spanish-American War, April-August 1898
The Pacific and Asiatic 1898-1900
Twilight careers 1903-56
Select Bibliography 47