War and Conscience in Japan: Nambara Shigeru and the Asia-Pacific War

War and Conscience in Japan: Nambara Shigeru and the Asia-Pacific War


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War and Conscience in Japan: Nambara Shigeru and the Asia-Pacific War by Nambara Shigeru

One of Japan's most important intellectuals, Nambara Shigeru defended Tokyo Imperial University against its rightist critics and opposed Japan's war. His poetic diary (1936–1945), published only after the war, documents his profound disaffection. In 1945 Nambara became president of Tokyo University and was an eloquent and ardent spokesman for academic freedom. Among his most impressive speeches are two memorials to fallen student-soldiers, which directly confront Nambara's wartime dilemma: what and how to advise students called up to fight a war he did not believe in. In this first English-language collection of his key work, historian and translator Richard H. Minear introduces Nambara's career and thinking before presenting translations of the most important of Nambara's essays, poems, and speeches. A courageous but lonely voice of conscience, Nambara is one of the few mid-century Japanese to whom we can turn for inspiration during that dark period in world history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780742568136
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 12/16/2010
Series: Asian Voices Series
Pages: 230
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Nambara Shigeru (1889–1974) was professor of political science at Tokyo Imperial University before and during the Asia-Pacific War then president for six years just after the war. A leading translator of classics of Hiroshima literature, Richard H. Minear is professor of history emeritus at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments ix

Translator's Introduction: War and Conscience in Japan: Nambara Shigeru and the Asia-Pacific War 1

Illustrations 29

I Nambara's Writings and Speeches before Japan's Surrender 31

"University Autonomy," September 5, 1938 31

"The Essence of the University," April 1941 46

"The State and Scholarship," Fall 1942 40

"The Mission of Scholars and Students," April 1, 1945 44

"The Theme of Goethe's Faust," May 1945 49

II Nambara's Poetic Diary, 1936-1945 65

Ideal Forms: A Poetic Diary 65

III Nambara's Speeches after Japan's Surrender 151

"The Mission of Scholars and Students," September 1945 151

"The Construction of the New Japan," November 1945 158

"The Creation of a New Japanese Culture," February 11, 1946 164

"Mourning the Students Who Died in the War," March 30, 1946 174

"The Emperor's Birthday," April 29, 1946 178

"What Will Revive the Homeland," September 30, 1946 186

"Truth Is the Final Victor," December 12, 1951 190

"You Who Inherit the Legacy of the Students Who Died in the War," December 1, 1963 197

Index 209

About the Editor and Translator 215

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