This book addresses two major issues in natural resource management and political ecology: the complex conflicting relationship between communities managing water on the ground and national/global policy-making institutions and elites; and how grassroots defend against encroachment, question the self-evidence of State-/market-based water governance, and confront coercive and participatory boundary policing (‘normal’ vs. ‘abnormal’).
The book examines grassroots building of multi-layered water-rights territories, and State, market and expert networks’ vigorous efforts to reshape these water societies in their own image – seizing resources and/or aligning users, identities and rights systems within dominant frameworks. Distributive and cultural politics entwine. It is shown that attempts to modernize and normalize users through universalized water culture, ‘rational water use’ and de-politicized interventions deepen water security problems rather than alleviating them. However, social struggles negotiate and enforce water rights. User collectives challenge imposed water rights and identities, constructing new ones to strategically acquire water control autonomy and re-moralize their waterscapes.
The author shows that battles for material control include the right to culturally define and politically organize water rights and territories. Andean illustrations from Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia and Chile, from peasant-indigenous life stories to international policy-making, highlight open and subsurface hydro-social networks. They reveal how water justice struggles are political projects against indifference, and that engaging in re-distributive policies and defying ‘truth politics,’ extends context-particular water rights definitions and governance forms.
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Series:||Earthscan Studies in Water Resource Management Series|
|Product dimensions:||6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
Rutgerd Boelens is Professor of the Political Ecology of Water in Latin America, CEDLA and Department of Geography, Planning and International Development Studies, University of Amsterdam; Professor, Water Governance and Social Justice, Department of Environmental Sciences, Wageningen University; and Visiting Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Catholic University Peru. He coordinates the Justicia Hídrica/Water Justice alliance.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Water Control Battlefields
2. Water Rights in Collectively Managed Andean Systems
3. Regimes of Waters Truth: Interdisciplinarity, Domains of Water Control and Hydro-social Cycle Politics
4. Embeddedness of Water Control in the Andean Peasant Economy
5. The Hydro-Politics of Identity: Coercive and Capillary Powers
6. Panoptic Power and the Moralization of Water Control Technology
7. Expertocratizing Local Water Rights
8. Neoliberalizing Collective Water Rights and Spaces of Resistance
9. Resistance as ‘Con-fusion’: Mimesis, Mimicry and Contesting the Dream Scheme
10. Conclusions and Reflections: Powers of Illusion and Forces of Con-fusion