What is Genocide

What is Genocide

by Martin Shaw



Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780745631820
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 03/16/2007
Series: Please Select a Ser.
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 232
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Martin Shaw is a historical sociologist of global politics,war and genocide and the author War and Genocide and Genocide andInternational Relations. He is Emeritus Professor of InternationalRelations at Sussex University and Research Professor at theInstitut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements viii

Introduction 1

1 The Sociological Crime

Social classification and genocide 3

Studying genocide? 4

Disciplining the study of genocide 6

Sociology and the sociological crime 9

Revisiting concepts and classification 11

Part I Contradictions of Genocide Theory 15

2 Neglected Foundations

Genocide as social destruction and its connections with war17

Lemkin’s sociological framework 18

Genocide and the laws of war 23

Separation of genocide from war 26

Narrowing genocide to physical destruction 28

Conclusion 33

3 The Maximal Standard

The significance of the Holocaust 37

Holocaust ‘uniqueness’ 38

The Holocaust standard in comparative study 42

Holocausts and genocides 45

4 The Minimal Euphemism

The substitution of ‘ethnic cleansing’ for genocide48

Origins of ‘cleansing’ terminology 48

‘Cleansing’ and genocide 50

‘Non-genocidal’ expulsions? 54

Peaceful, legal ‘transfers’ and‘exchanges’? 58

The territorial dimension 61

5 Conceptual Proliferation

The many ‘-cides’ of genocide 63

New frameworks: murderous cleansing and democide 63

Ethnocide and cultural genocide 65

Gendercide 67

Politicide 69

Classicide 72

Urbicide 75

Auto-genocide 76

Genocide as a framework 77

Part II Sociology of Genocide 79

6 From Intentionality to a Structural Concept

Social action, social relations and conflict 81

Intention in the light of a sociology of action 82

Limits of intentionality 89

Social relations and a structure of conflict 93

7 Elements of Genocidal Conflict 97

Social groups, social destruction and war 97

Social groups in genocide 97

The destruction of groups 105

Genocide as war 109

8 The Missing Concept

The civilian category and its social meaning 113

The civilian enemy 114

Civilians in international law 117

Social production of civilians 122

Civilians, combatants and social stratification 127

Civilian resistance and genocidal war 129

9 Explanations

From modernity to warfare 131

Types of genocide 132

Modernity 133

Culture and psychology 137

Economy 139

Politics 140

Warfare 145

Domestic and international 148

Conclusion 151

10 The Relevance of Conceptual Analysis

Genocide in twenty-first-century politics 153

A new definition 154

New historic conditions for genocide? 157

Contemporary challenge: the case of Darfur 162

Notes 172

References and Bibliography 196

Index 209

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