With the Clouds of Heaven: The Book of Daniel in Biblical Theology

With the Clouds of Heaven: The Book of Daniel in Biblical Theology

by James M. Hamilton Jr., D. A. Carson (Editor)


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"And behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and was presented before him. And to him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom." (Daniel 7:13-14 ESV).
Perceiving a hole in evangelical biblical theology that should be filled with a robust treatment of the book of Daniel, James Hamilton takes this chance to delve into the book's rich contribution to the Bible's unfolding redemptive-historical storyline.
By setting Daniel in the broader context of biblical theology, this canonical study helps move us toward a clearer understanding of how we should live today in response to its message. First, Hamilton shows how the book's literary structure contributes to its meaning, and then addresses key questions and issues, concluding by examining typological patterns.
This New Studies in Biblical Theology volume argues that the four kingdoms prophesied by Daniel are both historical and symbolic—that the "one like a son of man" seen by Daniel is identified with and distinguished from the Ancient of Days in a way that would be mysterious until Jesus came as both the son of David and God incarnate. He elaborates that the interpretations of Daniel in early Jewish literature attest to strategies similar to those employed by New Testament authors and exposes that those authors provide a Spirit-inspired interpretation of Daniel that was learned from Jesus. He also highlights how the book of Revelation uses Daniel's language, imitates his structure, points to the fulfillment of his prophecies and clarifies the meaning of his "seventieth week."
Addressing key issues in biblical theology, the works comprising New Studies in Biblical Theology are creative attempts to help Christians better understand their Bibles. The NSBT series is edited by D. A. Carson, aiming to simultaneously instruct and to edify, to interact with current scholarship and to point the way ahead.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780830826339
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
Publication date: 08/29/2014
Series: New Studies in Biblical Theology , #32
Pages: 272
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

James M. Hamilton is professor of biblical theology at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky, and preaching pastor at Kenwood Baptist Church. He is author of God's Glory in Salvation Through Judgment, What Is Biblical Theology? and Revelation in the Preaching the Word commentary series.

Table of Contents

List of tables

Series preface

Author's preface


1. Preliminaries

Biblical theology

The canon of Scripture

An evangelical approach

Chapter by chapter preview

2. From Eden to the end: Daniel in Old Testament salvation history

The history of Israel's future in the Torah

The fulfilment of Mosaic prophecy in the Prophets

and the Writings

From Daniel to the end of days


3. The literary structure of Daniel

Daniel's discrete units

Relationships between Daniel's discrete units

The literary structure of the book of Daniel

4. Four kingdoms; then everlasting dominion: the history of the future

The image in Daniel 2

The beasts in Daniel 7

The ram and the goat in Daniel 8

Kings of south and north in Daniel 10—12


5. Seventy weeks and seventy weeks of years: Daniel's prayer and Gabriel's revelation

The prayer

The revelation


6. The one like a son of man and other heavenly beings in Daniel

Heavenly beings in Daniel

The pre-incarnate Christ?

The one like a son of man


7. Interpretations of Daniel in early Jewish literature



1 Maccabees
4 Ezra
1 Enoch


8. Interpretations of Daniel in the New Testament (except Revelation)

A summary of what we have seen

Stock language, thematic similarity and fulfilment

New Testament quotations of Daniel

Thematic fulfilments of Daniel


9. Interpretations of Daniel in the Apocalypse

John's reuse of Daniel's language

John's imitation of Daniel's structure

John's fulfilments of Daniel's prophecies

John's clarification of Daniel's revelations


10. Typological patterns: Daniel in biblical theology

A promise-shaped paradigm



Joseph and Daniel

Jehoiachin, Esther and Nehemiah

Fulfilment in Christ



Index of authors

Index of Scripture references

Index of ancient sources

What People are Saying About This

D. A. Carson

"In addition to providing his readers with this biblical theology of Daniel, with its thought-provoking trajectories running both backward and forward, Dr. Hamilton's work is also an implicit call to engage in similar work on other biblical books, in self-conscious determination to reverse two centuries or more of atomistic approaches to Scripture."

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