Women and Justice

Women and Justice

by Sheryl J. Grana

Hardcover(Second Edition)

$110.00
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780742570009
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 11/16/2009
Edition description: Second Edition
Pages: 244
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Sheryl J. Grana is associate professor of sociology at University of Minnesota Duluth.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition xi

1 Why Women and Justice? 1

Oppression 3

Difference, Diversity, and Privilege 4

The Equality Debate 7

Justice 12

The Cost of Being Female 12

"What, Then, Is to Be Done?" 13

2 Ideas about Women 15

People, Conditions, and Ideas 16

The Influence of Patriarchy 17

"Nature" and Biology 20

Gender Schemas 21

Quadraplexation 23

Preindustrial Ideas about Women 24

Industrial Era Ideas about Women 25

Walking the Line 28

3 In the Beginning 31

The Development of Common Law 31

The Role of People, Conditions, and Ideas 32

Civil and Criminal Law 35

Is Common Law Male? 36

Challenges to the Common Law System 40

Feminist Jurisprudence 41

4 The U.S. Constitution and the Notion of Equality 45

Equality of Power 45

The Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution 46

Constitutional Interpretation 48

Is the Constitution Male? 48

Equality and the Constitution 50

Constitutional Protection and Precedent 51

Equal Protection Analysis 51

Strict Scrutiny 53

Equal Rights Amendments 57

Feminist Alternatives 59

5 Crime and Criminality 61

What Is a Crime? 61

Women and Crime 63

Theories about Criminal Women 67

Mainstream/Malestream Criminology Theories 68

Early Theories on Women and Criminality 72

Newer Ideas about Women and Crime 75

Feminist Theories of Women's Criminality 76

6 Education 79

Educating Women 80

Title IX 82

Issues Concerning Title IX 83

Equity under Title IX 88

Quadraplexation and Education 89

Women Criminals, Education, and Work Training 90

7 Paid and Unpaid Work 93

A Short History of Paid and Unpaid Labor 93

Paid Production Issues 96

Unpaid Production Issues111

Quadra Plexation and Work 113

8 Women Professionals in the Justice System 115

In the Courts-Lawyers 116

In the Prisons-Correctional Officers 121

In Law Enforcement-Police Officers 123

Quadraplexation, Walking the Line, and the Professions 125

9 Unmarried, Married, and Coupled Women's Lives 129

Family 129

Marriage 131

Marital Dissolution, Marital Property, and Marital Support 134

Children and Parenting 141

Lesbian (and Gay Male) Couples and Marriage 148

Women Criminals and Their Families 151

10 Economics and Disadvantage: Women's Poverty 155

Defining Poverty 156

Who Are the Poor? 157

The Feminization of Poverty 158

The Role of Government in Women's Poverty 160

Poverty and Violence against Women 163

Criminal Women and Poverty 165

11 Women, Their Bodies, and Violence 169

Pregnancy and Reproductive Choice 169

Violence against Women 173

Domestic Battery and Violent Households 176

Rape and Sexual Assault 181

Media Representations 187

Pornography 189

Prostitution and Violence 192

Violence in the Lives of Criminal Women 197

Quadraplexation, Women's Bodies, and Violence 197

12 The Housing of Women Criminals 199

A History 199

Contemporary Life in Women's Prisons 203

Gender Responsive Programming 210

13 In Closing 213

Bibliography 217

Index 229

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