World Bank Group Interactions with environmentalists shows how environmentalists have shaped the world's largest multilateral development lender, Investment financier and Political risk Insurer to take up sustainable development. It traces interactions between environmentalists, governments and the World Bank Group to improve the latter's projects, policies and institutions. This text locates sources of organisational change with international norms promoted by environmentalists, thus demonstrating how non-state actors can effect change within world politics. The book combines a theoretically sophisticated account of international organisation change with detailed emprical evidence in one issue area across three institutions.
The rise of environmentalists opposing the World Bank Group effectively demonstrates how international norms of sustainable development increasingly influenced each organisation. Taking this constructivist analysis further, the book examines how environmentalists used direct and indirect processes of socialisation to influence the World Bank Group through persuasion, social influence and coercion by lobbying. By tracing how environmentalists shaped the World Bank Group, the book demonstrates how organisations that resist norms as antithetical to their identity may still institutionalise and habitualise the norm within their practices. In each chapter the socialisation processes enacted by environmentalists are examined in relation to the projects, policies and institutional changes of each organisation. Each of these affiliates is increasingly important in the global political economy but responded differently to environmentalists as a result of their organisational identity. The book provides an alternative means of understanding international organisation change, and the importance of non-state actors in greening the global political economy.
About the Author
Susan Park is Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Sydney.
Table of Contents
List of figures and boxes ix
List of Abbreviations xvii
1 Introduction 1
2 Changing IOs: identity and socialisation 19
3 The World Bank and new norms of development 58
4 IFC and norms of sustainable finance 127
5 MIGA and green political risk? 184
6 Conclusion: lending, investing and guaranteeing sustainable development 237