Writing against Racial Injury recalls the story of Asian American student rhetoric at the site of language and literacy education in post-1960s California. What emerged in the Asian American movement was a recurrent theme in U.S. history: conflicts over language and literacy difference masked wider racial tensions. Bringing together language and literacy studies, Asian American history and rhetoric, and critical race theory, Hoang uses historiography and ethnography to explore the politics of Asian American language and literacy education: the growth of Asian American student organizations and self-sponsored writing; the ways language served as thinly veiled trope for race in the influential Lau v. Nichols; the inheritance of a rhetoric of injury on college campuses; and activist rhetorical strategies that rearticulate Asian American racial identity. These fragments depict a troubling yet hopeful account of the ways language and literacy education alternately racialized Asian Americans while also enabling rearticulations of Asian American identity, culture, and history. This project, more broadly, seeks to offer educators a new perspective on racial accountability in language and literacy education.
About the Author
Haivan V. Hoang is associate professor of English at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
Table of ContentsContents Acknowledgments Introduction. Literacy, Race, and an American Ethos Part 1. Asian American Language and Literacy Rights in the 1970s Chapter 1. Language and Racial Injury in Lau v. Nichols Race, Ethnicity, and the Idea of the (Non-)Native Speaker: Lau v. Nichols in Context Denying Race: Lau in the Courts “Looking to the Bottom”: The Importance of Self-Determination in Language Education Looking to the Bottom in the Asian American Movement Chapter 2. Gidra and the Extracurriculum of Asian American Publications The Extracurriculum of College Writing Creating Gidra: An Ideology of Self-Determination and Yellow Power Radical Writing? Writing for the Movement The Legacy of Asian American Publications, Student Organizations, and the Movement Part 2. Asian American Rhetorics against Racial Injury in the 2000s Chapter 3. Campus Racial Politics and a “Rhetoric of Injury” “To Come Together and Create a Movement”: VAC’s Beginnings Working toward Solidarity: VAC’s Growth as an Activist Student Organization Available Subject Positions: What Does Diversity Ask Students to Become? VAC Students and a Liberal Logic of Inclusion What Happens after Inclusion? (or When No One Mentions Race) Searching for a “Critical Race Praxis” Chapter 4. Asian American Rhetorical Memory, a “Memory That Is Only Sometimes Our Own” Renewed Interest in the Rhetorical Art of Memory Recollecting “Gook” through Asian American Memories Engaging the Public with Memory Toward a “Deliberate Act of Remembering” Chapter 5. “I WANT A THICKER ACCENT”: Revisionary Public Texts Performativity: From How to Do Things with Words to Subversive Performatives “And We Are So Much More”: A Vietnamese American Curriculum Re-Presentations of Vietnamese American Women in a Culture Night Performance “You Make Whatever America Is”: Performance Art and Textual Art Performing Race through Language, Literacy, & Rhetoric Afterword: Writing against Racial Injury, Writing to Remember Works Cited Index