Residence on Earth (Residencia en la Tierra)

Overview

New Directions celebrates the Pablo Neruda Centennial.
In celebration of the 100th anniversary of Pablo Neruda's birth, New Directions is pleased to announce the reissue of a classic work in a timeless translation by Donald D. Walsh and fully bilingual. Residence on Earth is perhaps Neruda's greatest work. Upon its publication in 1973, this bilingual publication instantly became "a revolution... a classic by which masterpieces are judged" (Review). "In Residence on Earth," wrote...
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Overview

New Directions celebrates the Pablo Neruda Centennial.
In celebration of the 100th anniversary of Pablo Neruda's birth, New Directions is pleased to announce the reissue of a classic work in a timeless translation by Donald D. Walsh and fully bilingual. Residence on Earth is perhaps Neruda's greatest work. Upon its publication in 1973, this bilingual publication instantly became "a revolution... a classic by which masterpieces are judged" (Review). "In Residence on Earth," wrote Amado Alonso, "the tornado of fury will no longer pass without lingering, because it will be identified with [Neruda's] heart."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780811215817
  • Publisher: New Directions Publishing Corporation
  • Publication date: 6/19/2004
  • Edition description: Reissue
  • Pages: 366
  • Sales rank: 936,459
  • Product dimensions: 5.20 (w) x 8.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda was born in 1904 in the town of Parral in Chile. He received numerous prestigious awards for his work, including the International Peace Prize in 1950, the Lenin Peace Prize and the Stalin Peace Prize in 1953. In 1971, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Two years later he died of leukemia in Santiago, Chile.

Biography

Pablo Neruda (1904-1973), whose real name is Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto, was born on 12 July, 1904, in the town of Parral in Chile. His father was a railway employee and his mother, who died shortly after his birth, a teacher. Some years later his father, who had then moved to the town of Temuco, remarried Doña Trinidad Candia Malverde. The poet spent his childhood and youth in Temuco, where he also got to know Gabriela Mistral, head of the girls' secondary school, who took a liking to him. At the early age of thirteen he began to contribute some articles to the daily "La Mañana," among them, Entusiasmo y Perseverancia -- his first publication -- and his first poem. In 1920, he became a contributor to the literary journal "Selva Austral" under the pen name of Pablo Neruda, which he adopted in memory of the Czechoslovak poet Jan Neruda (1834-1891). Some of the poems Neruda wrote at that time are to be found in his first published book: Crepusculario (1923). The following year saw the publication of Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada, one of his best-known and most translated works. Alongside his literary activities, Neruda studied French and pedagogy at the University of Chile in Santiago.

Between 1927 and 1935, the government put him in charge of a number of honorary consulships, which took him to Burma, Ceylon, Java, Singapore, Buenos Aires, Barcelona, and Madrid. His poetic production during that difficult period included, among other works, the collection of esoteric surrealistic poems, Residencia en la tierra (1933), which marked his literary breakthrough.

The Spanish Civil War and the murder of García Lorca, whom Neruda knew, affected him strongly and made him join the Republican movement, first in Spain, and later in France, where he started working on his collection of poems España en el corazón (1937). The same year he returned to his native country, to which he had been recalled, and his poetry during the following period was characterized by an orientation towards political and social matters. España en el corazón had a great impact by virtue of its being printed in the middle of the front during the civil war.

In 1939, Neruda was appointed consul for the Spanish emigration, residing in Paris, and, shortly afterwards, consul general in Mexico, where he rewrote his "Canto general de Chile," transforming it into an epic poem about the whole South American continent, its nature, its people and its historical destiny. This work, entitled Canto general, was published in Mexico 1950, and also underground in Chile. It consists of approximately 250 poems brought together into fifteen literary cycles and constitutes the central part of Neruda's production. Shortly after its publication, Canto general was translated into some ten languages. Nearly all these poems were created in a difficult situation, when Neruda was living abroad.

In 1943, Neruda returned to Chile, and in 1945 he was elected senator of the Republic, also joining the Communist Party of Chile. Due to his protests against President González Videla's repressive policy against striking miners in 1947, he had to live underground in his own country for two years until he managed to leave in 1949. After living in different European countries he returned home in 1952. A great deal of what he published during that period bears the stamp of his political activities; one example is Las uvas y el viento (1954), which can be regarded as the diary of Neruda's exile. In Odas elementales (1954-1959) his message is expanded into a more extensive description of the world, where the objects of the hymns -- things, events and relations -- are duly presented in alphabetic form.

Neruda's production is exceptionally extensive. For example, his Obras completas, constantly republished, comprised 459 pages in 1951; in 1962 the number of pages was 1,925, and in 1968 it amounted to 3,237, in two volumes. Among his works of the last few years can be mentioned Cien sonetos de amor (1959), which includes poems dedicated to his wife, Matilde Urrutia, Memorial de Isla Negra, a poetic work of an autobiographic character in five volumes, published on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday, Arte de pajáros (1966), La Barcarola (1967), the play Fulgor y muerte de Joaquín Murieta (1967), Las manos del día (1968), Fin del mundo (1969), Las piedras del cielo (1970), and La espada encendida.

Pablo Neruda died in 1973.

© The Nobel Foundation 1971

Good To Know

Always a political activist, Neruda was an anarchist for a time, but joined the Communist Party of Chile in 1945. He actually ran for president of Chile but eventually left the race to support Salvador Allende.

He had three wives throughout his lifetime: Mar a Antonieta Hagenaar, Delia de Carril, and Matilde Urrutia. He married Mar in 1930, but they divorced in 1936. He lived with Carril from the 1930s until they divorced in 1955 (they married in 1943). In 1966, he married Urrutia.

Neruda owned three homes in Chile that are open today as museums: "La Chascona" in Santiago, "La Sebastiana" in Valpara, and "Casa de Isla Negra" in Isla Negra, where he and his third wife, Matilde Urrutia, are buried.

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    1. Also Known As:
      Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto (real name)
    1. Date of Birth:
      July 12, 1904
    2. Place of Birth:
      Parral, Chile
    1. Date of Death:
      September 23, 1973
    2. Place of Death:
      Santiago, Chile

Table of Contents

Introduction
Residence I (1925-31)
Dead Gallop 2
Alliance (sonata) 6
Dream horse 8
The dawn's debility 12
Unity 14
Taste 16
Joachim's absence 18
Madrigal written in winter 20
Phantom 22
Slow lament 24
Nocturnal collection 26
We together 32
Tyranny 36
Serenade 38
Daily mourner 40
May monsoon 44
Ars poetica 46
Somber system 48
Adonic Angela 50
Sonata and destructions 52
The night of the soldier 54
Contradicted communications 58
The uninhabited one 60
The young monarch 62
Nocturnal establishments 64
Burial in the east 66
Single gentleman 68
Ritual of my legs 72
The ghost of the cargo boat 78
The widower's tango 84
Songs 88
Cold work 90
It means shadows 92
Residence II (1931-35)
One day stands out 96
Only death 102
Barcarole 106
The southern ocean 112
Walking around 118
Disaction 122
The destroyed street 126
Melancholy in the families 130
Maternity 134
Illnesses in my home 138
Ode with a lament 142
Nuptial substance 146
Sexual water 150
Three material songs 154
Entrance to wood 154
The apogee of celery 158
Ordinance of wine 162
Ode to Federico Garcia Lorca 170
Alberto Rojas Jimenez comes flying 180
The disinterred one 188
The clock fallen into the sea 194
Autumn returns 198
There is no oblivion (sonata) 202
Josie Bliss 206
Third residence (1935-1945)
The drowned woman of the sky 212
Alliance (sonata) 214
Waltz 218
Brussels 220
The abandoned one 222
Born in the woods 226
Furies and sorrows 230
Meeting under new flags 244
Spain in our hearts 248
Invocation 248
Bombardment curse 248
Spain poor through the fault of the rich 250
Tradition 252
Madrid (1936) 252
I explain a few things 254
Song for the mothers of slain militiamen 260
What spain was like 264
Arrival in Madrid of the international brigade 270
Battle of the Jarama River 274
Almeria 276
Offended lands 278
Sanjurjo in hell 280
Mola in hell 282
General Franco in hell 282
Song about some ruins 286
The victory of the arms of the people 290
The unions at the front 290
Triumph 292
Landscape after a battle 292
Antitankers 294
Madrid (1937) 296
Solar ode to the army of the people 302
Song to Stalingrad 308
A new love song to Stalingrad 314
Tina Modotti is dead 324
7th of November : ode to a day of victories 328
A song for Bolivar 334
Song to the rivers of Germany 338
Song on the death and resurrection of Luis Companys 344
Harsh elegy 348
Song to the Red Army on its arrival at the gates of Prussia 354
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