The annual Irish Conferences on Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science have become the major forum in Ireland for the discussion of various aspects of artificial intelligence. Their aim is to provide a forum where researchers can present their current work, and where industrial and commercial users can relate this work to their own practical needs and experiences. Although the emphasis of the conferences is on Irish research, there are also important contributions from Europe, Australia, Canada, and the USA. This volume is based on the proceedings of the Fifth Irish Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science (AICS'92), which was held at the University of Limerick, Ireland, from 10-11 September 1992. The conference was divided into 6 sessions, covering knowledge representation, cognitive foundations, natural language 1 and 2, learning and expert systems, and nov§ el aspects of artificial intelligence and cognitive science. Because of the high number of papers submitted to the conference, a poster session was run in addition to the plenary sessions. Each paper presented at the poster session is represented in this volume by a four page abstract. Among the specific topics covered in this volume are: a model-based theory of conceptual combination; the nature and development of reasoning strategies; word recognition as a parsing problem; a knowledge-based autonomous vehicle system for emergency management support; the construction and use of scope neutral discourse entities; computer-based iconic communication; and exceptions in multiple inheritance systems. AI and Cognitive Science '92 provides a comprehensive record of current research into this important field. It will be of interest to researchers, lecturers and postgraduate students in a variety of disciplines related to artificial intelligence and cognitive science.
Table of ContentsKeynote Address.- The Frame Problem Past, Present, and Future.- Session 1: Knowledge Representation.- A Model-Based Theory of Conceptual Combination.- An Hierarchical Structure for Modelling Real-Time Domains Using Object-Oriented Techniques.- Argumentation in Weak Theory Domains.- Coordination and Dynamic Organization in the ALM System.- Session 2: Cognitive Foundations.- The Nature and Development of Reasoning Strategies.- Semantic Transparency and Cognitive Modelling of Complex Performance.- Others as Resources: Cognitive Ingredients for Agent Architecture.- Session 3: Natural Language 1.- Word Recognition as a Parsing Problem.- Using Actions to Generate Sentences.- Terminology and Extra-Linguistic Knowledge.- Session 4: Learning and Expert Systems.- A Knowledge-Based Autonomous Vehicle System for Emergency Management Support.- Learning to Play Connect 4: A Study in Attribute Definition for ID3.- Machine Learning Under Felicity Conditions: Exploiting Pedagogical Behavior.- A Blackboard Based, Recursive, Case-Based Reasoning System for Software Development.- Session 5: Natural Language 2.- The Construction and Use of Scope Neutral Discourse Entities.- Constructing Distributed Semantic Lexical Representations Using a Machine Readable Dictionary.- Some Transfer Problems in Translating Between English and Irish.- Session 6: Novel Aspects of AI/CS.- Why Go for Virtual Reality if You Can Have Virtual Magic? A Study of Different Approaches to Manoeuvring an Object on Screen.- A Context-Free Approach to the Semantic Discrimination of Image Edges.- Computer-Based Iconic Communication.- Toward Non-Algorithmic AI.- Poster Session.- A Unified Approach to Inheritance with Conflicts.- From Propositional Deciders to First Order Deciders: A Structured Approach to the Decision Problem.- Modelling Auditory Streaming: Pitch Proximity.- A Simulated Neural Network for Object Recognition in Real-Time.- Constraints and First-Order Logic.- Programming Planners with Flexible Architectures.- On Seeing that Particular Lines Could Depict a Vertex Containing Particular Angles.- Terminological Representation and Reasoning in TERM-KRAM.- Integrating Planning and Knowledge Revision: Preliminary Report.- Learning Control of an Inverted Pendulum Using a Genetic Algorithm.- Aspectual Prototypes.- Formal Logic for Expert Systems.- Exceptions in Multiple Inheritance Systems.- Sublanguage: Characteristics and Selection Guidelines for M.T..- On the Interface Between Depth-From-Motion and Block-Worlds Systems: Some Psychophysical Data.- A Connectionist Approach to the Inference of Regular Grammars from Positive Presentations Only.- Author Index.