Bitcoin works on a public ledger called blockchain, which holds a decentralised record of all transactions that is updated and held by all users of the network.
To create bitcoins, users must generate blocks on the network. Each block is created cryptographically by harnessing users' computer power and is then added to the blockchain, letting users earn by keeping the network running.
A limit for how many bitcoins can be created is built into the system so the value can't be diluted. The maximum amount is just under 21 million bitcoin.
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