In the world of optical data communications this book will be an absolute must-read. It focuses on optical communications for short and very short distance applications and discusses the monolithic integration of optical receivers with processing elements in standard CMOS technologies. What’s more, it provides the reader with the necessary background knowledge to fully understand the trade-offs in short-distance communication receiver design and presents the key issues to be addressed in the development of such receivers in CMOS technologies. Moreover, novel design approaches are presented.
Table of ContentsAbout the Authors. Foreword. Table of Contents. Constants, Symbols and Acronyms. CHAPTER 1 Introduction. CHAPTER 2 Integrated Photonic Systems. 2.1 Long-Haul Communication Links. 2.2 Metropolitan-Area Networks. 2.3 Local Area Networks and Short-Distance Interconnects. 2.4 Optical Backplane Technology. 2.5 Optical on-chip interconnects. CHAPTER 3 Basic Concepts. 3.1 Modulation of Optical and Electrical Signals. 3.2 NRZ Random Data. 3.3 Clock Recovery Basics. 3.4 Bit Error Rate. 3.5 System Bandwidth and Inter-Symbol Interference. 3.6 Amplitude Noise. 3.7 Jitter. 3.8 Multi-Channel Systems. 3.9 Definition of Transistor-Level Conventions. CHAPTER 4 System-Level Specifications. 4.1 Technology. 4.2 System-Level Requirements. 4.3 Receiver System Specifications. 4.4 Sub-Block Parameters. 4.5 Transimpedance Amplifier Analysis. 4.6 System Gain and Bandwidth Specifications. 4.7 Bit Error Rate Evaluation. 4.8 Block Specification Flow. CHAPTER 5 Pure Silicon Photodetector. 5.1 Photodetection. 5.2 PIN Photodiodes. 5.3 Avalanche Photodiodes. 5.4 Resonant Cavity Enhanced Detectors. 5.5 Conclusion. CHAPTER 6 Transimpedance Amplifier Design. 6.1 Principles of I-V Conversion. 6.2 Transimpedance Amplifier Topologies. 6.3 Specifications. 6.4 Transimpedance Amplifier Design. 6.5 Simulation Results. 6.6 Block Layout. 6.7 Measurement Results. 6.8 Discussion. CHAPTER 7 Limiting Amplifier Design. 7.1 Principles of Signal Limiting. 7.2 Simple Limiting Amplifier Topologies. 7.3 Bandwidth Enhancement in Limiting Amplifiers. 7.4 Specifications. 7.5 Inductorless Limiting Amplifier Design. 7.6 Design of an Inductive Peaking Limiting Amplifier. 7.7 Complete Limiting Amplifier. 7.8 Simulation Results. 7.9 Block Layout. 7.10 Measurement Results. 7.11 Discussion. CHAPTER 8 Clock and Data Recovery Circuit. 8.1 Clock Recovery Principles. 8.2 CDR Topologies. 8.3 Topology Discussion. 8.4 Specifications. 8.5 The Gated Oscillator Topology. 8.6 Statistical Modeling of the Gated Oscillator. 8.7 Time-Domain Modeling. 8.8 Transistor-Level Design. 8.9 Measurement Results. 8.10 Conclusion. CHAPTER 9 Conclusions. References.