In the traditional narrative of American colonial history, early European settlements, as well as native peoples and African slaves, were treated in passing as unfortunate aberrations in a fundamentally upbeat story of Englishmen becoming freer and more prosperous by colonizing an abundant continent of "free land."
Over the last generation, historians have broadened our understanding of colonial America by adopting both a trans-Atlantic and a trans-continental perspective, examining the interplay of Europe, Africa, and the Americas through the flow of goods, people, plants, animals, capital, and ideas. In this Very Short Introduction, Alan Taylor presents an engaging overview of the best of this new scholarship. He shows that American colonization derived from a global expansion of European exploration and commerce that began in the fifteenth century. The English had to share the stage with the French, Spanish, Dutch, and Russians, each of whom created alternative Americas. By comparing the diverse colonies of rival empires, Taylor recovers what was truly distinctive about the English enterprise in North America. He focuses especially on slavery as central to the economy, culture, and political thought of the colonists and restores the importance of native peoples to the colonial story. To adapt to the new land, the colonists needed the expertise, guidance, alliance, and trade of the Indians who dominated the interior. This historical approach emphasizes the ability of the diverse natives to adapt to the newcomers and to compel concessions from them.
This Very Short Introduction describes an intermingling of cultures and of microbes, plants, and animalsfrom different continents that was unparalleled in global history.
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About the Author
Alan Taylor is Professor of History at the University of California, Davis. He is the two time Pulitzer prize winning author of William Cooper's Town: Power and The Internal Enemy: Slavery and War in Virginia, 1772-1832. He has also written Persuasion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic and The Civil War of 1812: American Citizens, British Subjects, Irish Rebels, & Indian Allies.
Table of Contents
List of illustrations
Chapter 1: Encounters
Chapter 2: New Spain
Chapter 3: New France
Chapter 4: Chesapeake colonies
Chapter 5: New England
Chapter 6: West Indies and Carolina
Chapter 7: British America
Chapter 8: Empires