What are "Compound Words"? -- A compound word consists of two or more base words. Meaning of Compound word is often different from the separate base words. | Compound Words and Parts of Speech | Compound words are mostly nouns, adjectives, and verbs. | Kinds of Compound Words | Compound words are of three types: A. Closed Compound Words: Words are joined together. There is no space or hyphen between the words. Examples: firefly / softball / redhead / keyboard / makeup / notebook. B. Hyphenated Compound Words: Words are joined together by a hyphen. Examples: daughter-in-law / over-the-counter / six-year-old |C. Open Compound Words: Words are not joined together. Words are open or separate. In other words, there is a space between the words. Examples: post office / real estate / full moon / half sister | Some general rules regarding use of hyphens: Compound Adjectives are often hyphenated-- If compound adjective precedes a noun, they are hyphenated -- low-paying job [low- paying is a compound adjective; job is a noun]; good-looking celebrity [good-looking is a compound adjective; celebrity is a noun] | Adverbs that end in -ly and compounded with another modifier are not hyphenated: quietly organized meeting / highly placed sources . Also note: 1. Some compound words which are hyphenated in American English are not hyphenated in British English. Example: cash-back [American English]; cashback [British English] | 2. Some compound words may have more than one form but these forms may belong to different parts of speech. Examples: bread and butter [open form] [noun], bread-and-butter [closed form] [adjective]; charge sheet [open form][noun], chargesheet [closed form] [verb]; fast track [open form] [noun], fast-track [hyphenated form] [adjective, verb]; first degree [open form] [noun], first-degree [hyphenated form] [adjective]; full time [open form] [noun], full-time [hyphenated form] [adjective, adverb]; gift wrap [open form] [noun], gift-wrap [hyphenated form] [verb]; hard core [open form] [noun], hard-core [hyphenated form] [adjective]; hard line [open form] [noun], hard-line [hyphenated form] [adjective]; road test [open form] [noun], road-test [hyphenated form] [verb]; second hand [open form] [noun], second-home [hyphenated form] [adjective]; Formation of Compound Words- Compound Words Are Formed In The Following Ways: A. Compound words with adjective and adjective: adjective + adjective bittersweet / blue-black / red-hot / white-hot |B. Compound words with adjective and noun: adjective + noun- blackboard / black man / bluebird / common room / concrete idea / deep-sea / electric light / fool play / free trade / full-length / high school / hot water / last-minute / loudspeaker / low-key / madman / midday / monthly ticket / nobleman / old boy / poorhouse / red heart / shorthand / smallpox / stronghold / sweetheart / wild boar / widespread | C. Compound words with adjective and verb: adjective + verb - broadcast / clear-cut / dry-clean / fulfill / safeguard / whitewash | D. Compound words with adjective and past participle: adjective + past participle - cold-blooded / kindhearted / long-haired / long forgotten / old-fashioned / short-sighted / well-known / well-mannered | E. Compound words with adjective and present participle: adjective + present participle - free-standing / good-looking / hardworking / long-lasting / speed walking | (F). Compound words with adverb (or preposition) and adjective: adverb (or preposition) + adjective - ingrown / over wide / under ripe | G. Compound words with adverb (or preposition) and noun: adverb (or preposition) + noun - afterlife / afterthought / background / backdate / bypass / downstairs / downfall / forehead / foresight / in-group / in-service / inside / offshore / offspring / off-shoot / online / outlaw / outpatient / over change / overcharge / overripe / overdose / overnight / overweight / underground / underline / underworld / upgrade / upstairs
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About the Author
Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an Internet Marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (creating websites), and various online jobs (including 'self book publishing'). He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too. ManikJoshi.com is the personal website of the author.
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Compound Words in English: Vocabulary Building based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Tens of hundreds of compounds words have been grouped according to their parts of speech. Author seems to have done excellent job. This book deserves more than 5 stars. Great!