Electrolyte Solutions: Second Revised Edition

Electrolyte Solutions: Second Revised Edition

by R.A. Robinson, R.H. Stokes

Paperback(Second Edition, Revised)

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Overview

This classic text, originally published in the 1950s, remains a standard reference in the literature of physical chemistry. Its focus on the fundamental properties of electrolyte solutions ensures its enduring relevance, and its substantial body of fact and theory continues to offer vital information for the interpretation of data. The authors present their material in a pattern of alternate chapters on experiment and theory, featuring strictly experimental techniques of which they had firsthand experience. Their treatment deals primarily with the measurement and interpretation of conductance, chemical potential, and diffusion in solutions of simple electrolytes. Theoretical interpretations are developed in detail, and extensive tables of thermodynamic and transport properties are offered.
Chapter topics include properties of ionizing solvents, the limiting mobilities of ions, the measurement of chemical potentials, the measurement of diffusion coefficients, weak electrolytes, the "strong" acids, ion association, the thermodynamics of mixed electrolytes, and more. In addition to the text itself, more than 90 pages of tabulated properties in the appendices make this an indispensable reference for serious researchers in the field.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780486422251
Publisher: Dover Publications
Publication date: 07/24/2002
Series: Dover Books on Chemistry Series
Edition description: Second Edition, Revised
Pages: 608
Sales rank: 410,803
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Preface to Dover Edition; Preface to Revised Edition; Preface to Second Edition; Preface to First Edition; List of Principal Symbols; Table of Important Constants
1. Properties of Ionizing Solvents
2. Basic concepts and Definitions
3. The State of the Solute in Electrolyte Solutions
4. Ionic Distribution Functions and the Potential
5. The Measurement of Conductivities and Transport Numbers
6. The Limiting Mobilities of Ions
7. The Variation of Conductivities and Transport Numbers with Concentration
8. The Measurement of Chemical Potential
9. The Theoretical Interpretation of Chemical Potentials
10. The Measurement of Diffusion Coefficients
11. The Theory of Diffusion of Electrolytes; Conductance and Diffusion in relation to Viscosity in concentrated solutions
12. Weak electrolytes
13. The 'Strong' Acids
14. Ion Association
15. The Thermodynamics of Mixed Electrolytes
Appendices; Addendum; Index
List of Appendices
1.1 and 1.2 Physical Properties of Water and other Solvents
2.1 Relation between Activities and Mean Activity coefficients
2.2 The function sigma (x)
2.3 The function phi° for 2:1 and 1:2 Electrolytes
3.1 Table of Ionic Radii
5.1 Specific Conductivities of Potassium Chloride Solutions
6.1 Limiting Equivalent Conductivities at 25° in Water
6.2 Limiting Equivalent Conductivities of Ions in Water at Various Temperatures
6.3 Equivalent Conductivity of Typical electrolytes up to high concentrations in Aqueous Solution at 25°
7.1 Values of Parameters in Debye—Hückel—Onsager Equations for Aqueous 1:1 Electrolytes
8.1 Values of k = 2 • 3026RT/F and RT/F superscript 2
8.2 Standard Potentials of Cells (Molality Scale)
8.3 Water Activities, Molal Osmotic Coefficients, Molal Activity Coefficients, and Relative Molal Vapour Pressure Lowerings of Sodium and Potassium Chloride Solutions at 25°
8.4 Water Activities, Molal Osmotic Coefficients, and Molal Activity Coefficients of Sulphuric Acid solutions at 25°
8.5 Water Activities, Molal Osmotic Coefficients and Molal Activity Coefficients of Calcium Chloride solutions at 25°
8.6 Water Activities, Molal Osmotic Coefficients and Molal Activity Coefficients of Sucrose Solutions at 25°
8.7 Molal Activity Coefficients at the Temperature of the Freezing-point of the solution
8.8 Molal Osmotic and Activity Coefficients of Sodium Chloride and Potassium Bromide Between 60° and 100° from Measurement of the Boiling-point Elevation
8.9 Molal Osmotic and Activity coefficients of Electrolytes at Concentrations up to 0 • 1 M and at temperatures other than the freezing-point
8.10 Molal Osmotic Coefficients of Electrolytes at 25°: 1:1 Electrolytes, 2:1 Electrolytes, 1:2 Electrolytes, 2:2 and 3:1 Electrolytes,
Higher Valency Types Mean Molal Activity Coefficients of Electrolytes at 25°: 1:1 Electrolytes
2:1 Electrolytes, 1:2 Electrolytes, 2:2 and 3:1 Electrolytes, Higher Valency Types; Osmotic and Activity Coefficients at Higher Concentrations at 25°
Some recent Osmotic and Activity Coefficient Data at 25°
8.11 Concentrations of Solutions giving Specified Water Activities at 25°; Water Activities of Saturated Solutions at 25°
10.1 Values of the Function e superscript z superscript 2 at Round Values of f(z)
10.2 Airy Integral Refinement of the 'Quarter-wave' Approximation for the interference Conditions
11.1 Diffusion Coefficients of Dilute Aqueous Electrolyte solutions
11.2 Diffusion Coefficients of Concentrated Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions at 25°
11.3 Individual Ionic Values of the Coefficient A subscript 2 in Viscosity Equation
12.1 Molality-scale Ionization constants (as pK subscript a Values) of Weak electrolytes, and their Temperature-Variation
12.2 Ionization Constants of Water
12.3 pH of Solutions
14.1 Values of the Definite Integral Q(b) in Equation
14.2 Limiting Equivalent Conductivities and Dissociation constants of some Salts in Organic Solvents at 25°
14.3 Dissociation Constants of Ion-pairs on Fuoss' Theory

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