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Ethnic Politics in Europe: The Power of Norms and Incentives
     

Ethnic Politics in Europe: The Power of Norms and Incentives

by Judith G. Kelley
 

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ISBN-10: 0691127719

ISBN-13: 2900691127711

Pub. Date: 07/03/2006

Publisher: Princeton University Press

This detailed account of ethnic minority politics explains when and how European institutions successfully used norms and incentives to shape domestic policy toward ethnic minorities and why those measures sometimes failed. Going beyond traditional analyses, Kelley examines the pivotal engagement by the European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in

Overview

This detailed account of ethnic minority politics explains when and how European institutions successfully used norms and incentives to shape domestic policy toward ethnic minorities and why those measures sometimes failed. Going beyond traditional analyses, Kelley examines the pivotal engagement by the European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and the Council for Europe in the creation of such policies. Following language, education, and citizenship issues during the 1990s in Latvia, Estonia, Slovakia, and Romania, she shows how the combination of membership conditionality and norm-based diplomacy was surprisingly effective at overcoming even significant domestic opposition. However, she also finds that diplomacy alone, without the offer of membership, was ineffective unless domestic opposition to the proposed policies was quite limited.

As one of the first systematic analyses of political rather than economic conditionality, the book illustrates under what conditions and through what mechanisms institutions influenced domestic policy in the decade, preparing the way for the historic enlargement of the European Union. This thoughtful and thorough discussion, based on case studies, quantitative analysis, and interviews with more than seventy-five policymakers and experts, tells an important story about how European organizations helped facilitate peaceful solutions to ethnic tensions -- in sharp contrast to the ethnic bloodshed that occurred in the former Yugoslavia during this time. And it advances a long overdue dialogue between proponents of rational choice models and social constructivists. As political requirements increasingly become part of conditionality, it also provides keen policy insights for the strategic choices made by actors in international institutions.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900691127711
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
07/03/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
296

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tablesix
Prefacexi
Chapter 1Introduction1
Part I.Theory and Data
Chapter 2Theoretical Framework29
Chapter 3Quantifying and Exploring the Data54
Part II.Case Studies
Chapter 4Latvia: Overcoming Opposition73
Chapter 5Estonia: Reluctant Cooperation94
Chapter 6Slovakia: The Meciar Hurdle and Beyond116
Chapter 7Romania: The Long Road140
Part III.Evaluation
Chapter 8Alternative Explanations: Russia, Hungary, and Democratic Development163
Chapter 9Conclusion174
Appendix IMethods197
Appendix IIOutcome Classification Scheme198
Appendix IIIPredicted Probabilities199
Appendix IVInterviews200
Notes203
References243
Index259

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