Experimentation and Innovation in Psychotherapy

Experimentation and Innovation in Psychotherapy

by Harold Greenwald

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After a long period of relatively slow change and development, the practice of psychotherapy entered a phase of vigorous experimentation in the 1960s. Greatly increased public recognition of the role of psychological approaches has brought about a dramatic upsurge of demand for mental health services on the part of broader segments of the population than ever before. Many kinds of people now seek aid, and display a greater variety of symptoms and life problems than are recorded in the earlier case-history literature.The professional response to this new demand markedly increased the professions creativity and imagination, as this volume outlines. While it is difficult to devise a precise category to cover all forms of such experimentation in psychotherapy, one major characteristic has been an increase in activity. The non-directive or client-centered therapist frequently speaks almost as much as his client, yet he is not considered active, since he attempts to limit his communication to the reflection of the clients feelings.More frequently an attempt is made to distinguish between insight-oriented therapies and active therapies in terms of differing goals.Active psychotherapy is seen as being concerned with techniques that focus directly on the removal of symptoms, such as anxiety or maladaptive overt behavior. The need to establish a clear dichotomy between insight and behavior modification has often been challenged: many of the therapists who stress insight do so in the belief that increased insight, no matter how arrived at, will modify overt behavioral anxiety. Experimentation in Psychotherapy exposes the reader to a wide variety of therapies. Although changes in treatment methods, and a more short-term orientation, have limited some future developments in the field, this volume admirably describes the techniques traditional therapists can effectively employ, given the patient's strengths and limitations.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781351521048
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 07/05/2017
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 397
File size: 1 MB

About the Author

Harold Greenwald was chairman of the Program in Humanistic Clinical Psychology at the United States International University in San Diego, California, and diplomate to the American Board of Examiners of Professional Psychology. He has also been visiting professor on the graduate faculty of the New School for Social Research and at the University of Bergen in Norway. Greenwald is the author of The Call Girl: A Social and Psychoanalytic Study, Emotional Maturity in Love and Marriage (with Lucy Freeman), and Decision Therapy.

Table of Contents

Contributors ix

Introduction Harold Greenwald xi

1 Lines of Advance in Psychoanalytic Therapy Sigmund Freud 1

2 The Further Development of an Active Therapy in Psychoanalysis Sandor Ferenczi 10

3 The Drive for Superiority Alfred Adler 27

4 Psychoanalytic Treatment as Education Thomas S. Szasz 36

5 The Toxoid Response Hyman Spotnitz 49

6 Effect of Paradigmatic Techniques on the Psychic Economy of Borderline Patients Marie Coleman Nelson 63

7 Recent Developments in "Direct Psychoanalysis" Charles T. Sullivan 90

8 The Role of Activity in the Treatment of Schizoid or Schizophrenic Patients Goodhue Livingston 108

9 Transactional Analysis Eric Berne 119

10 Reflections on My Method of Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama J. L. Moreno 130

11 Toward a Holistic Treatment Program Herbert A. Otto 144

12 Active Strategies in Marriage Counseling Aron Krich 163

13 The Family Approach to Marital Disorders Nathan W. Ackerman 176

14 Marriage Therapy Jay Haley 189

15 Methods of Verbal Suggestion K. I. Platonov 224

16 Reciprocal Inhibition as the Main Basis of Psychotherapeutic Effects Joseph Wolpe 251

17 Implosive Therapy in the Short-Term Treatment of Psychotics Robert A. Hogan 281

18 Learning Theory and Psychotherapy Revisited: With Notes on Illustrative Cases E. Lakin Phillips Salah El-Batrawi 295

19 Neobehavioristic Psychotherapy: Quasi-hypnotic Suggestion and Multiple Reinforcement in the Treatment of a Case of Postinfantile Dyscopresis Donald R. Peterson Perry London 306

20 The Use of Symptoms as an Integral Part of Hypnotherapy Milton H. Erickson 314

21 The Treatment of Frigidity and Impotence Albert Ellis 328

22 Paradoxical Intention: A Logotherapeutic Technique Viktor E. Frankl 337

23 Methodology in Short-Term Therapy Lewis R. Wolberg 353

24 Treatment of the Psychopath Harold Greenwald 363

Index 379

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