Green Wedge Urbanism: History, Theory and Contemporary Practice

Green Wedge Urbanism: History, Theory and Contemporary Practice

by Fabiano Lemes de Oliveira

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Overview

Green Wedge Urbanism: History, Theory and Contemporary Practice by Fabiano Lemes de Oliveira

As towns and cities worldwide deal with fast-increasing land pressures, while also trying to promote more sustainable, connected communities, the creation of green spaces within urban areas is receiving greater attention than ever before.

At the same time, the value of the 'green belt' as the most prominent model of green space planning is being widely questioned, and an array of alternative models are being proposed. This book explores one of those alternative models – the 'green wedge', showing how this offers a successful model for integrating urban development and nature in existing and new towns and cities around the world.

Green wedges, considered here as ducts of green space running from the countryside into the centre of a city or town, are not only making a comeback in urban planning, but they have a deeper history in the twentieth century than many expect – a history that provides valuable insight and lessons in the employment of networked green spaces in city design and regional planning today.

Part history, and part contemporary argument, this book first examines the emergence and global diffusion of the green wedge in town planning in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, placing it in the broader historic context of debates and ideas for urban planning with nature, before going on to explore its use in contemporary urban practice. Examining their relation to green infrastructures, landscape ecology and landscape urbanism and their potential for sustainable cities, it highlights the continued relevance of a historic idea in an era of rapid climate change.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781474229180
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Publication date: 02/23/2017
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Fabiano Lemes de Oliveira is a reader in architecture and urbanism at the University of Portsmouth, UK. His research interests include urban design theory, modern architecture history and exploring the relationship between modern planning ideas and landscape architecture.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Green wedge: definitions
Interdisciplinarity, locality, temporality and scale
The structure
Methods and sources

Part 1 – Green Wedges in History
Chapter 1 – Urban planning with nature
The Enlightenment and the pursuit of nature
The industrial revolution and the disintegration of open spaces
The rise of town planning
Ring vs. radial growth
Park systems
Chapter 2 – The emergence and diffusion of the green wedge idea
Radial planning, radial parks and green wedges
Intrinsic opposition: belts vs. wedges
Opposition resolved: belts and wedges as elements of the same park system
The socialist city
Chapter 3 – Towards a bright future: green-wedge visions for the post-war period
London: the green-wedge metropolis
Diagraming the future
The County of London Plan 1943
The Greater London Plan 1944
Other British cities
New towns and green spaces
Planning new beginnings
Chapter 4 – Polycentrism and regional planning
Organising the territory: the Nordic experience
The 1947 Finger Plan
Other Scandinavian capitals
The corridor-wedge model: the Nordic influence
Planning the metropolis: the case of São Paulo
Corridor-wedge in the United States
Visions for South East England
The case of Melbourne
Other cases
The Green Heart and wedges of Randstad in the Netherlands

Part 2 – Green Wedges Today
Chapter 5 – Green spaces, networks and contemporary challenges
The benefits of green spaces
The birth of Urban Design and the 'Star City'
Green infrastructures
Landscape Ecology
Landscape Urbanism
Sustainability and resilience in face of climate change
Chapter 6 – Towards sustainable and resilient city-regions
Stockholm: towards blue and green wedges
The development of a model: the Copenhagen Finger Plan
The green fingers of Helsinki
Randstad: from Green Heart to Green-Blue Delta
Melbourne towards 2030
Freiburg: the green wedge and the mountain-valley systems
Chapter 7 – Green wedges: from the city-region to the neighbourhood
Hamburg green network plan
The Raggi Verdi of Milan
Songzhuang Arts and Agriculture City: a new form of urban-rural relationship
Green wedges at multiple scales: Viikki
Rieselfeld
Vauban
The Neighbourhood scale: Dunsfold Park, UK
The green wedge as a typology: La Sagrera Linear Park, Spain
Green Wedge Urbanism: Past, Present and Future
The green wedge idea: from the city scale to the polycentric region
Towards a theory of green wedge urbanism

Index
Bibliography
Notes

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