Science and technology has made enormous growth in the past few decades. It has endless applications in the varied fields of health, education, transportation, etc. The importance and need of science and technology lies in its diverse benefits to society. This book attempts to understand the multiple branches that fall under the umbrella of science and technology and how such concepts have practical applications. In this book, using case studies and examples, constant effort has been made to make the understanding of the difficult concepts of science and technology as easy and informative as possible, for the readers.