How do social movements die? Some explanations highlight internal factors like factionalization, whereas others stress external factors like repression. Christian Davenport offers an alternative explanation where both factors interact. Drawing on organizational, as well as individual-level, explanations, Davenport argues that social movement death is the outgrowth of a coevolutionary dynamic whereby challengers, influenced by their understanding of what states will do to oppose them, attempt to recruit, motivate, calm, and prepare constituents while governments attempt to hinder all of these processes at the same time. Davenport employs a previously unavailable database that contains information on a black nationalist/secessionist organization, the Republic of New Africa, and the activities of authorities in the U.S. city of Detroit and state and federal authorities.
About the Author
Christian Davenport is Professor of Political Science and Faculty Associate at the Center for Political Studies at the University of Michigan, as well as Global Fellow at the Peace Research Institute Oslo. He is the author of State Repression and the Promise of Democratic Peace (Cambridge, 2007) and Media Bias, Perspective and State Repression: The Black Panther Party (Cambridge, 2010), which won an award for the best book in racial politics and social movements from the American Political Science Association. He is the editor of Repression and Mobilization, with Carol Mueller and Hank Johnston (2004), and Paths to State Repression: Human Rights Violations and Contentious Politics (2000).
Table of ContentsIntroduction; Part I. Theory: 1. Killing social movements from the outside or the inside; 2. Killing social movements from the outside and the inside; Part II. Case: 3. Repression and red squads; 4. Record keeping and data collection; Part III. Origins: 5. We shall overcome?: From GOAL to the Freedom Now Party; 6. We shall overthrow!: from the Malcolm X Society to the Republic of New Africa; Part IV. Examination: 7. Birth of a black nation; 8. To Ocean Hill-Brownsville and b(l)ack; 9. New Bethel and the end of the beginning; 10. When separatists separate; 11. Mississippi: the last stand(off); Part V. Conclusion: 12. Understanding the death of social movement organizations.