This landmark volume commemorates the fortieth anniversary of the Children’s Defense Fund, which has been an uncompromising champion of American youth for all of those years. Yet the book looks not to the past but at our current circumstances—and at the challenges we must meet now and in the future on behalf of our young people. The book examines critical issues—prenatal and infant health and development, early child care and education, school reform, the achievement gap, vulnerable children, juvenile justice, and child poverty—and highlights crucial practical and policy measures we need to consider and undertake if we are to better serve American children. An invaluable survey of the conditions facing American youth—and a call to action at the local, state, and national levels—Improving the Odds for America’s Children is an urgent, informative, and inspired volume that addresses shortcomings and challenges we cannot afford to ignore. Contributors include Sara Rosenbaum, Partow Zomorrodian, Jack P. Shonkoff, Joan Lombardi, Deborah Jewell- Sherman, Jal Mehta, Robert B. Schwartz, Jerry D. Weast, Greg J. Duncan, Richard J. Murnane, Michael S. Wald, Jane Waldfogel, Robert G. Schwartz, Laurence Steinberg, Arloc Sherman, Robert Greenstein, Sharon Parrott, and Eric Dearing.
|Publisher:||Harvard Education Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)|
About the Author
Kathleen McCartney is the president of Smith College and former dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Education. Hirokazu Yoshikawa is the Courtney Sale Ross University Professor of Globalization and Education. Laurie B. Forcier is senior academic projects manager at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Table of Contents
CONTENTS Foreword by Congressman George Miller ix IntroductionKathleen McCartney, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, and Laurie B. Forcier 1Prenatal and Infant health and Development 1 Health Care for Children: Forty Years of Health Policy 13Sara Rosenbaum and Partow Zomorrodian 2 A Healthy Start Before and After Birth: Applying the Biology of Adversity to Build the Capabilities of Caregivers 28Jack P. ShonkoffEarly Childhood Care and Education 3 A Great Beginning: Ensuring Early Opportunities forAmerica’s Young Children 43Joan Lombardi 4 A Future for Preschool in the United States: Integrating Innovations from Global Perspectives 58Hirokazu Yoshikawa and Kathleen McCartneySchool Reform 5 The Past as Prologue to the Future: Envisioning School Reform for the Twenty-First Century 73Deborah Jewell-Sherman 6 Building a Twenty-First-Century School System: Creating a Teaching Profession and Multiple Student Pathways 84Jal Mehta and Robert B. SchwartzThe Achievement Gap 7 Confronting the Achievement Gap: A District-Level Perspective 101Jerry D. Weast 8 Rising Inequality and the School Performance of Low- and High-Income Children 121Greg J. Duncan and Richard J. MurnaneVulnerable Children 9 Beyond Child Protection: Helping All Families Provide Adequate Parenting 135Michael S. Wald 10 Child Protection and Child Welfare: Meeting the Needs of Vulnerable Children 148Jane WaldfogelJuvenile Justice 11 The Wheel Turns: Recreating a System of Justice for Juveniles 161Robert G. Schwartz 12 Using Scientific Research to Transform Juvenile Justice Policy and Practice: A Modest Success Story and Some Suggestions for the Next Four Decades 174Laurence SteinbergChild Poverty 13 Policies to Reduce Poverty: Supporting Family Income as an Investment in Children’s Futures 189Arloc Sherman, Robert Greenstein, and Sharon Parrott 14 The State of Research on Children and Families in Poverty: Past, Present, and Future Empirical Avenues of Promise 203Eric Dearing Afterword by Marian Wright Edelman 217 Notes 221 Acknowledgments 255 About the Editors 257 About the Contributors 259 Index 265