It is commonly supposed that certain elements of medieval philosophy are uncharacteristically preserved in modern philosophical thought through the idea that mental phenomena are distinguished from physical phenomena by their intentionality, their intrinsic directedness toward some object. The many exceptions to this presumption, however, threaten its viability.
This volume explores the intricacies and varieties of the conceptual relationships medieval thinkers developed among intentionality, cognition, and mental representation. Ranging from Aquinas, Scotus, Ockham, and Buridan through less-familiar writers, the collection sheds new light on the various strands that run between medieval and modern thought and bring us to a number of fundamental questions in the philosophy of mind as it is conceived today.
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About the Author
Gyula Klima is professor of philosophy at Fordham University, Doctor of the Hungarian
Academy of Sciences, director of the Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics, and
editor of the society’s proceedings. Among his books is John Buridan (2008).
Table of ContentsAcknowledgments
Intentionality, Cognition and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy
Concepts and Meaning in Medieval Philosophy
Mental Language in Aquinas?
Joshua P. Hochschild
Causality and Cognition: An Interpretation of Henry of Ghent's Quodlibet V, q. 14
Two Models of Thinking: Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus on Occurrent Thoughts
Thinking About Things: Singular Thought in the Middle Ages
Singular Terms and Vague Concepts in Late Medieval Mental Language Theory or the Decline and Fall of Mental Language
Act, Species, and Appearance: Peter Auriol on Intellectual Cognition and Consciousness
Russell L. Friedman
Was Adam Wodeham an internalist or an externalist?
The Nature of Intentional Objects in Nicholas of Autrecourt's Theory of Knowledge
William Ockham and Walter Chatton on Objects and Acts of Judgment: or, How Chatton Changed Ockham's Mind
'Intentio' in Buridan
Mental Representation in Animals and Humans: Some Late-Medieval Discussions
The Intersubjective Sameness of Mental Concepts in Late Scholastic Thought (and some Aspects of Its Historical Aftermath)
Mental Representations and Concepts in Medieval Philosophy
List of Contributors