The frequency with which people move home has important implications for national economic performance and the well-being of individuals and families. Much contemporary social and migration theory posits that the world is becoming more mobile, leading to the recent ‘mobilities turn’ within the social sciences. Yet, there is mounting evidence to suggest that this may not be true of all types of mobility, nor apply equally to all geographical contexts. For example, it is now clear that internal migration rates have been falling in the USA since at least the 1980s. To what extent might this trend be true of other developed countries?
Drawing on detailed empirical literature, Internal Migration in the Developed World examines the long-term trends in internal migration in a variety of more advanced countries to explore the factors that underpin these changes. Using case studies of the USA, UK, Australia, Japan, Sweden, Germany and Italy, this pioneering book presents a critical assessment of the extent to which global structural forces, as opposed to national context, influence internal migration in the Global North.
Internal Migration in the Developed World fills the void in this neglected aspect of migration studies and will appeal to a wide disciplinary audience of researchers and students working in Geography, Migration Studies, Population Studies and Development Studies.
About the Author
Tony Champion is Emeritus Professor of Population Geography at Newcastle University UK. His research interests include migration and its impact on population distribution in the Developed World, with particular reference to counter-urbanisation and city resurgence. He was President of the British Society for Population Studies in 2013-2015.
Thomas Cooke is a population and urban geographer and Professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Connecticut, USA. His research focuses on internal migration decline in the United States, the spatial distribution of metropolitan poverty and the family dimension of migration behaviour. He is currently an Editor of Urban Geography.
Ian Shuttleworth is Senior Lecturer in Human Geography at Queen’s University Belfast, UK. His research interests include migration, labour market mobility, and social segregation. He also has an interest in divided societies with a special focus on Northern Ireland. He is currently director of the Northern Ireland Longitudinal Study Research Support Unit.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Setting the Scene
1. Introduction: A More Mobile World, or Not?
Tony Champion, Thomas Cooke and Ian Shuttleworth
2. Understanding the Drivers of Internal Migration
3. Studying Internal Migration in a Cross-National Context
John Stillwell, Martin Bell and Ian Shuttleworth
4. Global Trends in Internal Migration
Martin Bell, Elin Charles-Edwards, Aude Bernard and Philipp Ueffing
Part 2: In-Depth Country Analyses
5. United States: Cohort Effects on the Long-Term Decline in Migration
6. United Kingdom: Temporal Change in Internal Migration
Nik Lomax and John Stillwell
7. Australia: The Long-Run Decline in Internal Migration Intensities
Martin Bell, Tom Wilson, Elin Charles-Edwards and Philipp Ueffing
8. Japan: Internal Migration Trends and Processes since the 1950s
9. Sweden: Internal Migration in a High-Mobility Nordic Country
Ian Shuttleworth, John Östh and Thomas Niedomysl
10. Germany: Internal Migration within a Changing Nation
11. Italy: Internal Migration in a Low-Mobility Country
Corrado Bonifazi, Frank Heins and Enrico Tucci
Part 3: Commentary and Synthesis
12. Internal Migration: What Does the Future Hold?
William H. Frey
13. Sedentary No Longer Seems Apposite: Internal Migration in an Era of Mobilities
14. Conclusions and Reflections
Tony Champion, Ian Shuttleworth and Thomas Cooke