Kant and Aristotle: Epistemology, Logic, and Method

Kant and Aristotle: Epistemology, Logic, and Method

by Marco Sgarbi

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Overview

A historical and philosophical reassessment of the impact of Aristotle and early-modern Aristotelianism on the development of Kant’s transcendental philosophy.

Kant and Aristotle reassesses the prevailing understanding of Kant as an anti-Aristotelian philosopher. Taking epistemology, logic, and methodology to be the key disciplines through which Kant’s transcendental philosophy stood as an independent form of philosophy, Marco Sgarbi shows that Kant drew important elements of his logic and metaphysical doctrines from Aristotelian ideas that were absent in other philosophical traditions, such as the distinction of matter and form of knowledge, the division of transcendental logic into analytic and dialectic, the theory of categories and schema, and the methodological issues of the architectonic. Drawing from unpublished documents including lectures, catalogues, academic programs, and the Aristotelian-Scholastic handbooks that were officially adopted at Königsberg University where Kant taught, Sgarbi further demonstrates the historical and philosophical importance of Aristotle and Aristotelianism to these disciplines from the late sixteenth century to the first half of the eighteenth century.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781438459974
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Publication date: 04/01/2016
Pages: 292
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Marco Sgarbi is Professor of History of Philosophy at the Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia, Italy.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Sources and Abbreviations ix

Introduction 1

The Other Kant 1

Kant in Context 6

Prospectus 16

1 Facultative Logic 19

The Operations of the Mind 19

Gnostology and Noology 25

Habit and Physiology 36

Between Locke and Leibniz 51

2 Transcendental Logic 79

Matter and Form 79

Syllogistic and Combinatorics before Kant 94

Syllogistic and Combinatorics in Kant 118

Categories and Judgments 135

Analytic and Dialectic 150

3 Methodology 165

Method in the Aristotelian Tradition 165

Modern Conceptions of Method 176

Kant's Precritical Conception of Method 183

The Method of Critique of Pure Reason 193

Conclusion 217

Aristotle in Kant 217

The Aristotelian Kant 222

Notes 225

Bibliography 257

Index 277

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