In this groundbreaking book, Eric Toshalis explores student resistance through a variety of perspectives, arguing that oppositional behaviors can be not only instructive but productive. All too often treated as a matter of compliance, student resistance can also be understood as a form of engagement, as young people confront and negotiate new identities in the classroom environment. The focus of teachers’ efforts, Toshalis says, should not be about “managing” adolescents but about learning how to read their behavior and respond to it in developmentally productive, culturally responsive, and democratically enriching ways.
Noting that the research literature is scattered across fields, Toshalis draws on four domains of inquiry: theoretical, psychological, political, and pedagogical. The result is a resource that can help teachers address this pervasive classroom challenge in ways that enhance student agency, motivation, engagement, and academic achievement.
The coauthor ofUnderstanding Youth: Adolescent Development for Educators (Harvard Education Press, 2006), Toshalis blends accessible explanations of theory and research with vignettes of interactions among educators and students. In Make Me!, Toshalis helps teachers perceive possibility, rather than pathology, in student resistance.
About the Author
Eric Toshalis is on the faculty of the Graduate School of Education and Counseling at Lewis & Clark College.
Table of Contents
CONTENTSCHAPTER 1 Why Examine Resistance? 1PART I UNDERSTANDING RESISTANCE THEORETICALLY Vignette: Determined 17CHAPTER 2 "Making Trouble Makes It Worse" Theories of Social Reproduction 19CHAPTER 3 "You're Not the Boss of Me" Resistance Theory 41PART II UNDERSTANDING RESISTANCE PSYCHOLOGICALLYVignette: School Is Not His Thing 91CHAPTER 4 "This Should Be Different" Cognition and Imagination at the Foundation of Resistance 63CHAPTER 5 "Why Should I Try?" The Motivations That Drive Opposition 93Vignette: Super Busy 121CHAPTER 6 "What? I Wasn't Listening" The Passive No of Disengagement 123Vignette: I'm Done 147CHAPTER 7 "That's Not Fair!" Why Indignation Is Better Than Resignation 149PART III UNDERSTANDING RESISTANCE POLITICALLY Vignette: Sick of It 173CHAPTER 8 "I'm Not Skipping Class--You Are" Socioeconomic Reasons for Resisting School 175Vignette: It's Not About the Pencil 201CHAPTER 9 "You Don't Even Know Me" Identity and Opposition in the Classroom 203Vignette: Be Respectful 221CHAPTER 10 "Don't Make Me Assimilate" Authenticity, Resistance, and Racism 223PART IVUNDERSTANDING RESISTANCE PEDAGOGICALLYVignette: Back Off! 251CHAPTER 11 "How Was I Supposed to Know?" Misreading Students' Relational Needs 253Vignette: Panther Points 275
CHAPTER 12 "Is It My Fault?" How We Provoke Resistance in the Classroom 277CHAPTER 13 Conclusion Resistance Is Hope 299Notes 311Acknowledgments 341About the Author 345Index 347