Measuring Water Quality Benefits / Edition 1

Measuring Water Quality Benefits / Edition 1

by V. Kerry Smith
Pub. Date:
Springer Netherlands

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780898381818
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 09/30/1986
Series: International Series in Economic Modelling Series , #3
Edition description: 1986
Pages: 328
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.24(d)

Table of Contents

1 Measuring Water Quality Benefits: An Introduction.- 1.1 Background.- 1.2 Regulation: An Overview.- 1.3 Objectives.- 1.4 Preview.- 1.5 References.- 2 The Conceptual Basis of Benefits Estimation.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 A Brief Review of the Conventional Theory of Benefits Measurement.- 2.3 The Treatment of Nonuse Values and Uncertainty in Benefit Analysis.- 2.4 Measuring the Benefits Associated with Changes in Environmental Amenities: An Overview.- 2.5 Benefit Measurement Approaches Considered in This Study.- 2.5.1 The Travel Cost Approach.- 2.5.2 The Contingent Valuation Approach.- 2.5.3 The Contingent Ranking Approach.- 2.6 Summary.- 2.7 References.- Appendix: Analytical Background for Valuation Under Uncertainty.- 3 Survey Design.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 The Monongahela River Basin.- 3.2.1 Geography.- 3.2.2 Uses.- 3.2.3 Recreation.- 3.2.4 Basin Socioeconomic Profile.- 3.3 Sampling Plan.- 3.3.1 Target Population.- 3.3.2 Sample Selection and Survey Design.- 3.4 Survey Plan.- 3.4.1 Questionnaire Design and Limited Local Pretest.- 3.4.2 Retaining Field Supervisors and Hiring Interviewers.- 3.4.3 Counting and Listing of Sample Segments.- 3.4.4 Developing Field Manuals and Conducting Interviewer Training.- 3.4.5 Conducting Household Interviews.- 3.4.6 Initial Contacts and Obtaining Cooperation.- 3.4.7 Household Enumeration.- 3.4.8 Interviewing Procedures.- 3.4.9 Implications.- 3.5 References.- Appendix: Interviewer Debriefing.- 4 Contingent Valuation Design and Results: Option Price and Use Values.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Design Issues and Contingent Valuation.- 4.2.1 Eliminating Information and Hypothetical Biases.- 4.2.2 Considering the Role of Framing Biases.- 4.2.3 Addressing Procedural Issues.- 4.3 Questionnaire Design.- 4.3.1 Part A—Background.- 4.3.2 Part B—Benefits Measures.- 4.4 Profiles of Survey Respondents.- 4.5 Protest and Outlying Bids.- 4.5.1 Protest Bids.- 4.5.2 Identifying Outliers.- 4.6 Distribution of Option Price Responses.- 4.7 Mean Option Price Responses.- 4.8 Test Findings: Starting Point and Interviewer Biases.- 4.9 Use Value Results.- 4.10 Implications.- 4.11 References.- Appendix: Additional Empirical Results.- 5 Measuring Option Value.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Recent Estimates of Option Values.- 5.3 Measuring Option Value: Survey Design.- 5.4 Survey Results—Option Value.- 5.4.1 Option Value—Demand Uncertainty.- 5.4.2 Option Value—Supply Uncertainty.- 5.5 Summary.- 5.6 References.- 6 The Contingent Ranking Method and Benefit Estimation.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 The Random Utility Model of Consumer Behavior with Discrete Choices.- 6.3 Estimation of Random Utility Models with Ordered Alternatives.- 6.4 Contingent Ranking and Valuing Public Goods.- 6.5 Applications of Contingent Ranking Method.- 6.6 Monongahela Contingent Ranking Experiment: Design and Estimates.- 6.7 Benefit Estimates with Contingent Ranking Models.- 6.8 Implications and Further Research.- 6.9 References.- 7 The Travel Cost Approach to Recreation Demand Modeling: An Introduction.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 The Household Production Framework and Recreation Demand Models.- 7.3 The Opportunity Costs of Time.- 7.4 Measuring Site Usage.- 7.5 Heterogeneous Recreation Sites and Site Characteristics.- 7.6 Summary.- 7.7 References.- 8 Travel Cost Model: Data Sources and Variable Measures.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Sources of Data.- 8.2.1 The 1977 Federal Estate Survey.- 8.2.2 Recreation Resources Management System.- 8.2.3 National Water Data Exchange.- 8.2.4 Personal Correspondence.- 8.3 Survey Issues.- 8.3.1 Onsite Survey.- 8.3.2 Multiple Visits.- 8.4 Data Character.- 8.4.1 The Quantity Measure: Visits.- 8.4.2 Distance Cost Component of Travel Costs.- 8.4.3 Time Cost Component of Travel Costs.- 8.5 Site Profile.- 8.6 Congestion at U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Sites.- 8.7 Water Quality.- 8.8 Users.- 8.9 Profile of Activities at the Corps Sites.- 8.10 Summary.- 8.11 References.- 9 Generalized Travel Cost Model.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Implementing the Generalized Travel Cost Model.- 9.2.1 The Conceptual Links Between Visits and Characteristics.- 9.2.2 The Two-Step Estimation Procedure.- 9.2.3 Additional Econometric Considerations.- 9.3 Estimating the Generalized Travel Cost Model.- 9.4 Valuing Water Quality Changes.- 9.5 Summary.- 9.6 References.- 10 Comparing Direct and Indirect Benefit Estimation Approaches.- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 Past Comparisons of Benefit Estimation Approaches: A Review.- 10.3 A Comparison of the Generalized Travel Cost Model and Contingent Valuation.- 10.4 A Comparison of a Simple Travel Cost Model and Contingent Valuation.- 10.5 Comparisons of Benefit Estimation Approaches: Some Interpretations.- 10.6 References.- 11 Research Issues in Benefit Estimation.- 11.1 Introduction.- 11.2 Our Findings: A Perspective.- 11.3 Measuring Nonuse Values.- 11.4 Site Attributes and Recreation Demand.- 11.5 Contingent Valuation Versus Indirect Methods for Benefit Estimation.- 11.6 Benefits Transfer.- 11.7 Prognosis.- 11.8 References.- Appendix A: Survey Questionnaire as Administered During the Monongahela River Basin Survey.

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