This book reconstructs the manifold ways by which Dutch people of seventeenth-century New York took hold of the New World. As the author reminds us, the Dutch understood themselves to be republican, urban, mobile, mercantile, and amphibious; in short, properly Dutch. She shows how the Dutch possessed the land, traded over it, surrendered it to the English, and then lived out their lives balancing a "gaze" that the conquerors had for land against their own.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgments; Abbreviations; Introduction; 1. Possessing the land, 1630-1652; 2. Trading on the land, 1652-1664; 3. Surrendering the land, 1664; 4. Occupancy of land under English rule, 1674-1690; 5. Contesting the land, 1689-1691; 6. A military presence on the land, 1690-1710; 7. Reflections on looking at the land; Index.