ISBN-10:
1284041867
ISBN-13:
9781284041866
Pub. Date:
12/19/2014
Publisher:
Jones & Bartlett Learning
Principles Of Fire Prevention / Edition 3

Principles Of Fire Prevention / Edition 3

by David Diamantes

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781284041866
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication date: 12/19/2014
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 294
Sales rank: 145,009
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

About the Author viii

Acknowledgments ix

Chapter 1 The Basis for Fire Prevention 1

Introduction 2

The American Fire Problem 3

The Current Trend 3

The History of Fire and Fire Prevention 4

Fire in the Early Days 4

Fire Prevention in the Early Days 5

Fire in American History 6

Early Fire Prevention Efforts m the United Slates 7

Early Effort of the Stock Insurance Industry 9

Efforts of the Factory Mutuals 11

Fire Prevention Today 12

Chapter 2 Public Fire Prevention Organizations and Functions 18

Introduction 20

Organizations with the Mission of Fire Prevention 21

Traditional File Prevention Bureaus 21

Nontraditional Fire Prevention Bureaus 22

State Fire Prevention and Protection Programs 23

State Fire Training Programs 23

Fire Prevention Efforts of the Federal Government 24

Catalysts for Federal Fire Prevention Programs 24

President Truman's Fire Prevention Conference 25

Federal Agencies Involved in Fire Protection 27

National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control 27

United States Fire Administration 27

National Institute of Standards and Technology 30

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives 32

The National Interagency Fire Center 33

U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission 34

Department of Housing and Urban Development 34

Department of Defense 34

Occupational Safety and Health Administration 36

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 36

Other Federal Agencies 36

Chapter 3 Private Fire Protection and Prevention Organizations 42

Introduction 43

Fire Prevention Risk Management 44

Corporate Programs 44

Insurance Industry Fire Prevention Programs 45

Insurance Services Office, Incorporated 45

FM Global, the Factory Mutual System 47

Commercial Fire Prevention and Protection Programs 49

Government Contractors 49

Installation Contractors 50

Consulting, Maintenance and Repair Firms 50

Third-Party Inspection and Certification 51

Private Associations and Not-for-profit Organizations 53

Underwriters Laboratory 53

Codes and Standards Organizations 54

Trade Associations 55

Chapter 4 Fire Prevention Though the Codes Process 60

Codes Process 60

Introduction 62

The Development of Model Coder 62

Model Code Organizations of the 20th Century 64

The Regional Model Code Organizations 64

Building Officials and Code Administrators International 64

Southern Building Code Congress International 65

International Conference of Building Officials 65

International Code Council (ICC) 66

The National Fire Protection Association 67

Code Changes 69

The International Code Council Code Change Process 69

The NFPA Code Change recess 71

Fire Service Commitment 71

Code Adoption 72

State and Local Adoption 72

What Codes Cannot Do 73

Chapter 5 Plan Review 78

Introduction 79

Plan Issues of Interest to the Fire Service 81

Site Plan Issues 81

Building Plan Issues 81

Eire Protection System Plan Issues 82

Resistance to Fire Department Plan Review 82

Resistance from Design Professionals and Developers 87

Resistance from the Building Official 87

Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities for Plan Reviewers 88

Chapter 6 Inspection 974

Introduction 95

Demand fox Inspections 96

The Inspection Program 98

The Purpose of Fire Inspections 98

Selective Code Enforcement 99

Establishing Inspection Priorities 100

The Permit Model 100

The Inspection Model 102

Inspections of Existing Occupancies 102

Routine Inspections 103

Seasonal Inspections 104

Special Inspections 107

New Construction Inspections 108

Coordination to Ensure Fire Operations 109

Fire Protection Systems Tests and Inspections 109

Special Hazards 109

Explosives and Blasting 109

Fuel Storage Facilities 110

Company Inspections 111

Residential Inspections 112

Residential Inspection Effectiveness 112

Inspection Tools 113

Paper Checklists 113

Inspection Software 113

Chapter 7 Fire Protection Systems Testing 120

Introduction 122

Fire Protection Systems 122

Which Buildings and Why 123

Sprinkler Reliability 124

Fire Departments and Fire Protection System Inspections 126

Fire Protection Systems Tests 126

Fire Codes and Acceptance Tests 126

Systems Testing Benefits 127

Maintenance and Retests 128

Contractor Oversight 129

Developing an Acceptance Testing Program 129

Chapter 8 Other Fire Prevention Functions 135

Introduction 136

Construction Regulation 138

Property Maintenance Code Enforcement 139

Political Considerations 139

Vacani Structure 140

Hazardous Waste and Environmental Crime Investigation 140

Homeland Security and Civil Defense 141

Chapter 9 Fire Prevention Through Investigation 147

Introduction 148

Early Fire Investigation 119

The Reason for Fire Investigation 149

Organizations Involved in Fire Investigation 150

Investigation by the Fire Department 150

Fire Prevention Bureau Investigation Units 151

The Investigation Process 152

Investigation of the Fire Scene 152

Interviews and Follow-up Investigation 153

Equipment and Resources 154

Countroom Testimony 154

Chapter 10 Fire Prevention Through Public Education, Awareness, and the Public Forum 160

Introduction 161

Education, the Second "E" 163

National Fire Prevention Programs 165

Planning Fire Safety Education Programs 167

The Five-Step Program 168

Fire Safety Education in the Schools 170

Commercial Fire Safety Programs 171

Fire Safety Education for Adults 171

Fire Safety Education for Businesses 172

Motivating Adults 173

Effective Use of the Media 175

Public Hearings 176

Hearing Preparation 176

Chapter 11 Five Prevention Records and Record Keeping 181

Introduction 182

Legal Requirements for Record Keeping 183

Freedom of Information and Public Access Laws 183

Record Retention and Storage 185

Records Management Systems 187

Types of Records Management Systems 133

Financial Records 190

Chapter 12 Personnel 195

Introduction 196

Uniformed and Civilian Staffing 196

Uniformed Fire Fighters 196

Civilian Employees 198

Public Perception and Safety Considerations 199

Training and Certification 200

Standards for Professional Qualifications 200

Certification 201

Certification and Accreditation 202

Certifying Organizations 202

Personnel Retention and Advancement 203

Chapter 13 Financial management 208

Introduction 209

The Budget Process 210

Financial and Accounting Standards 211

Budget Basics 211

The Budget Tool 213

Budget Calendar 213

The Budget as an Evaluation Tool 214

Budget Formats 214

Eire Prevention Bureau Budgets 216

Cost Recovery and User Fee Systems 217

The Fee Adoption Process 217

Determining the Fee Structure 218

Types of Fees 218

Implementation 219

Chapter 14 Community Risk Reduction 224

Introduction 225

Identifying Risk in the Community 226

Community Risk Analysis 227

Data Sources 228

Selecting and Prioritizing Issues 230

Appendix A Public Law 90-259 234

Appendix B Recommendations of the National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control 239

Appendix B Status Report on the 90 Recommendations from America Burning 246

Appendix C FESHE Correlation Guide 270

Appendix E Imperial and Metric Conversions 271

Glossary 275

Index 279

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