Seismic Exploration Methods

Seismic Exploration Methods

by Ray L. Sengbush

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1983)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789401163996
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 01/21/2012
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1983
Pages: 296
Product dimensions: 8.27(w) x 10.98(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

Chapters 1. Introduction to Seismic Methods.- Reflection Method.- Refraction Method.- Summary.- Chapters 2. Seismic Wave Propagation.- Elasticity.- Elastic Waves.- Raypath Theory.- Diffractions.- Summary.- Chapters 3. Seismic Signatures.- Land Sources.- Marine Sources.- Shear Sources.- Spherical Spreading.- Attenuation.- Summary.- Chapters 4. Analysis and Suppression of Seismic Noise.- Suppression of Random Noise.- Horizontally Traveling Noise.- Coherent Noise Analysis.- Patterns: Space-Domain Filters.- Pattern Design.- Velocity Filters.- Summary.- Chapters 5. The Seismic Signal Process.- The Linear Filter Model of the Seismic Reflection Process.- Simple Acoustic Impedance Functions.- Correspondence Between Depth and Time.- Comparing Synthetics with Field Records.- Summary.- Chapters 6. Multiple Reflections.- Ghosts and Reverberations.- Multiple Generation Within the Seismic Section.- Multiple Suppression.- Summary.- Chapters 7. Distortion Operators and Deconvolution.- Distortion Operators and Their Deterministic Inverse Operators.- Wiener Inverse Filter.- Wiener Processing of Play Data.- Wiener Processing of Field Data.- Wiener Deconvolution and Nonminimum-Phase Data.- Other Types of Deconvolution.- Summary.- Chapters 8. Velocity Estimation.- Shooting a Well.- Continuous Velocity Logs.- Dix’s Expanding Spread Technique.- Velocity Spectra Obtained in Conjunction with Horizontal Stacking.- Applications of Velocity Spectra in Predicting Lithology.- Summary.- Chapters 9. Migration Techniques.- Migration by the Hagedoorn Method.- Migration by Summation Methods.- Migration by Finite Differences.- Migration Using Fourier Methods.- Three-Dimensional Migration.- Summary.- Chapters 10. Direct Detection of Hydrocarbons on Seismic Data.- Direct Detection Techniques.- Theoretical Velocity and Density Calculations.- Model Studies.- Case Histories.- Information-Preserving Processing.- Summary.- Appendixes.- A. Transform Theory.- Fourier Transforms.- Laplace Transforms.- Z-Transforms.- Hilbert Transforms.- B. Linear System Theory.- Linear Systems.- Impulse Response.- Filtering in the Time Domain.- Types of Linear Systems.- Analog and Digital Filters.- C. Sampling Theory.- Time-Domain Sampling.- Aliasing: Sampling Is Not Filtering.- Frequency-Domain Sampling.- Time-Limited and Band-Limited Functions.- Mathematical Operations with Time Series.- D. Random Processes.- Theory of Probability.- Random Variables.- Ensemble Averages.- Time Averages.- Spectral Considerations.- Estimation of Power Spectrum.- Random Inputs to Linear, Time-Invariant Systems.- E. Mathematics of Wave Propagation.- Stress and Strain.- Hooke’s Law.- Wave Equation.- Boundary Conditions: Plane Waves with Normal Incidence.- Energy Relations.- References.

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