A brilliant and comprehensive history of the creation of the modern Western mind.
Soul Machine takes us back to the origins of modernity, a time when a crisis in religious authority and the scientific revolution led to searching questions about the nature of human inner life. This is the story of how a new conceptthe mindemerged as a potential solution, one that was part soul and part machine, but fully neither.
In this groundbreaking work, award-winning historian George Makari shows how writers, philosophers, physicians, and anatomists worked to construct notions of the mind as not an ethereal thing, but a natural one. From the ascent of Oliver Cromwell to the fall of Napoleon, seminal thinkers like Hobbes, Locke, Diderot, and Kant worked alongside often-forgotten brain specialists, physiologists, and alienists in the hopes of mapping the inner world. Conducted in a cauldron of political turmoil, these frequently shocking, always embattled efforts would give rise to psychiatry, mind sciences such as phrenology, and radically new visions of the self. Further, they would be crucial to the establishment of secular ethics and political liberalism. Boldly original, wide-ranging, and brilliantly synthetic, Soul Machine gives us a masterful, new account of the making of the modern Western mind.
George Makari is a psychiatrist, historian, and author, most recently of Soul Machine: The Invention of the Modern Mind. Director of the DeWitt Wallace Institute and professor of psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College, he lives in New York City.
Table of Contents
Part I The Lost Souls of Modernity
Chapter 1 A Soirée with Mr. Spirit and Mr. Flesh 3
Chapter 2 Science and the Thing That Thinks 42
Chapter 3 Witches, Melancholies, and Fanatics 65
Chapter 4 A Crisis of Conscience 86
Part II The English Mind
Chapter 5 "Myself in a Storm" 103
Chapter 6 The Sagacious Locke 127
Chapter 7 Bedlam in Britannia 150
Chapter 8 Sympathy, Idea, Nerve 166
Chapter 9 The Cure of a Lunatic King 188
Part III From French Esprit to Alienation
Chapter 10 The French Sensationalists 211
Chapter 11 Vitalism, the Missing Link 239
Chapter 12 Honest Jean-Jacques and the Morals of Sensibility 267
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