The Rise and Decline of Faculty Governance is the first history of shared governance in American higher education. Drawing on archival materials and extensive published sources, Larry G. Gerber shows how the professionalization of college teachers coincided with the rise of the modern university in the late nineteenth century and was the principal justification for granting teachers power in making educational decisions. In the twentieth century, the efforts of these governing faculties were directly responsible for molding American higher education into the finest academic system in the world.
In recent decades, however, the growing complexity of "multiversities" and the application of business strategies to manage these institutions threatened the concept of faculty governance. Faculty shifted from being autonomous professionals to being "employees." The casualization of the academic labor market, Gerber argues, threatens to erode the quality of universities. As more faculty become contingent employees, rather than tenured career professionals enjoying both job security and intellectual autonomy, universities become factories in the knowledge economy.
In addition to tracing the evolution of faculty decision making, this historical narrative provides readers with an important perspective on contemporary debates about the best way to manage America’s colleges and universities. Gerber also reflects on whether American colleges and universities will be able to retain their position of global preeminence in an increasingly market-driven environment, given that the system of governance that helped make their success possible has been fundamentally altered.
|Publisher:||Johns Hopkins University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
Larry G. Gerber, formerly the chair of the American Association of University Professors’ Committee on College and University Governance and the national vice president of the AAUP, is professor emeritus of history at Auburn University. He is the author of The Irony of State Intervention: American Industrial Relations Policy in Comparative Perspective, 1914–1939 and The Limits of Liberalism: Josephus Daniels, Henry Stimson, Bernard Baruch, Donald Richberg, Felix Frankfurter, and the Development of the Modern American Political Economy.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Faculty Professionalization and the Rise of Shared. Governance 1
1 College Governance before 1876 12
2 The Emergence of a Professional Faculty, 1870-1920 27
3 The Development of Faculty Governance, 1920-1940 58
4 The Developing Consensus on Shared Governance, 1940-1975 81
5 Corporatization and the Challenge to Shared Governance, 1975-Present 118
Conclusion. Shared Governance and the Future of Liberal Education 165
Works Cited 225
What People are Saying About This
"Even the end of the world needs a historian, and with this book, Larry Gerber has made himself the official historian of the end of the academic world."
"The Rise and Decline of Faculty Governance is rooted in a thorough knowledge of the historical development of and challenges to the role of American university and college faculties in the governance of their institutions. Larry Gerber asks all the right questions. A must-read in any course on the history of American higher education and an invaluable point of reference for historians and for sociologists specializing in organizational theory."