Turkmenistan, an independent nation since 1991, is a strategically important Central Asian state. This book covers the most significant period of the establishment of the Turkmen political regime. At the core of this book is the Doctrine of Positive Neutrality, which, from 1995 onwards, constituted the theoretical backbone for the foreign policy of post-Soviet Turkmenistan. The author analyses the reason and aim of the concept, its significance for and impact on the country’s domestic and foreign relations, its practical implementation and its transformation into a tool of strengthening of absolute personal authority. Furthermore, he establishes whether Positive Neutrality has to be seen as a ‘domestic-oriented’ foreign policy, which has been used by the Turkmen regime to reinforce its internal position. .
This is the first book-length and thorough analysis of Turkmenistan’s foreign policy. It furthers our understanding of Turkmenistan, and provides an informed background for the study of its foreign policy. It fills a void in the current literature, and it will constitute an essential reference for most scholars and researcher focusing on contemporary Central Asia, Russian foreign policy, Foreign Policy, International Relations and Comparative Politics.
About the Author
Luca Anceschi is Research Associate at the Centre for Dialogue, La Trobe University, Australia. He is a graduate of the University of Naples ‘L’Orientale’ and of La Trobe University. His main research interests include the international politics of post-Soviet Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part 1: Contextualising Turkmenistan’s Foreign Policy 1. Establishing a conceptual framework for the policy of Positive Neutrality 2. Turkmen authoritarianism in the post-Soviet era 3. The Doctrine of Positive Neutrality as a key element in nation-building Part 2: The Operational Dimension of Turkmen Foreign Policy 4. The Economic Foreign Policy of Neutral Turkmenistan 5. Neutrality as equidistance from sources of dependency: Russo-Turkmen relations in the post-Soviet Era 6. Neutrality as a policy of insulation: The international community and human rights violations in Turkmenistan 7. Turkmenistan’s foreign policy in the post-Niyazov era Conclusion: Continuity and change in Turkmen foreign policy-making