The huge progress which has been achieved in the field is covered here, in the first comprehensive monograph on vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) since eight years. Apart from chapters reviewing the research field and the laser fundamentals, there are comprehensive updates on red and blue emitting VCSELs, telecommunication VCSELs, optical transceivers, and parallel-optical links for computer interconnects. Entirely new contributions are made to the fields of vectorial three-dimensional optical modeling, single-mode VCSELs, polarization control, polarization dynamics, very-high-speed design, high-power emission, use of high-contrast gratings, GaInNAsSb long-wavelength VCSELs, optical video links, VCSELs for optical mice and sensing, as well as VCSEL-based laser printing. The book appeals to researchers, optical engineers and graduate students.
Table of ContentsBasic VCSEL Characteristics.- A Research Review.- Fundamentals.- Three-Dimensional Modeling.- Single-Mode VCSELs.- Device Technology and Performance.- Polarization Control.- Polarization Dynamics.- Design and Performance of High-Speed VCSELs.- High-Power VCSEL Arrays.- High-Contrast Grating VCSELs.- From Infrared to Violet Emission.- Long-Wavelength VCSELs with Buried Tunnel Junction.- GaInNAs(Sb) Long-Wavelength VCSELs.- Red Emitting VCSELs.- GaN-Based VCSELs.- Applications.- VCSEL-Based Transceivers for Data Communications.- Low-Cost Optical Video Links.- Progress in VCSEL-Based Parallel Links.- VCSEL for Optical Mice and Sensing.- VCSEL-Based Laser Printing System.