World Englishes: A Critical Analysis

World Englishes: A Critical Analysis

by Mario Saraceni


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781623562632
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Publication date: 04/23/2015
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Mario Saraceni is a Lecturer in the School of Languages and Area Studies, at the University of Portsmouth, UK.

Table of Contents


1. Introduction
1.1 What this book is (and isn't) about
1.2 Why another "World Englishes" book?
1.2.1 Expanding the scope of World Englishes
1.2.2 A slight impasse
1.2.3 New challenges
1.2.4 Old challenges
1.3 Understanding language
1.3.1 language as system
1.3.2 Language as social practice

Part I: History

2. Old Englishes
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Mainstream narrative
2.2.1 Metaphorical representations of language
2.2.2 The arrival of English in 449 AD
2.2.3 From closely related to one language
2.2.4 The story of 'Old English' .
2.3 Ideological motivations in the history of English
2.3.1 language and nationhood
2.4 Untidying History
2.4.1 The 'birth' of the English language?
2.4.2 The 'Anglo-Saxons'?
2.4.3 Anglo-Saxon England?
2.4.4 A purely Germanic language?
2.5 Varieties of 'Old English'?
2.6 Conclusion

3. New Englishes
3.1 Introduction .
3.2 The story of the 'spread' of English
3.2.1 English everywhere
3.2.2 Two types of colonization
3.2.3 The 'Three Circles of English'
3.2.4 Criticism of the Three Circles model
3.2.5 Schneider's Dynamic Model
3.2.6 Melchers and Shaw's classification
3.3 Beyond the 'spread' metaphor
3.4 The 'prehistory' of World Englishes
3.4.1 American English sets the scene
3.4.2 Seeds of World Englishes in postcolonial writing
3.5 Conclusion: language and politics

Part II: Languages

4. Understanding World Englishes
4.1 Introduction
4.2 The egalitarian matrix of World Englishes
4.3 Limitations in the paradigm
4.3.1 Equality in diversity?
4.3.2 How different are Englishes allowed to be?
4.3.3 What about the Expanding Circle?
4.4 The 'spot the difference' approach
4.4.1 'Errors' or 'features'?
4.4.2 British and American English as yardsticks
4.4.3 'In full communion with its ancestral home'
4.4.4 The norms of English .
4.4.5 The power of codification
4.4.6 Varieties of language and varieties of race
4.4.7 The linguist gaze and dominant discourses
4.5 Spotting differences in English as a lingua franca
4.5.1 ELF vs. ENL
4.6 Conclusion

5 Untidying Englishes
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Cutting the umbilical cord with the ancestral home
5.3 Dealing with English and other languages
5.3.1 Borrowing words?
5.3.2 Language across borders
5.3.3 English and non-English
5.3.4 Switching languages?
5.4 Delving deeper into language hybridity
5.4.1 World Englishes and super-diversity
5.4.2 Geography or language?
5.4.3 ELF across borders
5.5 Conclusion: from World Englishes to Language Worlds

Part III: Ideology

6. Linguistic imperialism and resistance
6.1 Introduction
6.2 An unequal world
6.2.1 Where do the numbers come from?
6.3 Language and empire
6.3.1 American imperialism
6.4 Linguistic imperialism
6.4.1 Macaulay's 'minute'
6.5 Responses to linguistic imperialism
6.5.1 The 'agency' response
6.5.2 The 'linguistic determinism' response
6.5.3 The 'appropriation' response
6.6 Conclusion

Part IV: Pedagogy

7. Teaching World Englishes
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Which English?
7.3 (Non-)native speakers?
7.3.1 Separate categories?
7.3.2 Myths and discrimination
7.4 The paradigm struggles to shift
7.4.1 Acronyms and the (super-)diversity of language education
7.5 Conclusion: teaching world Englishes?



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