Athens and Jerusalem

Athens and Jerusalem


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For more than two thousand years, philosophers and theologians have wrestled with the irreconcilable opposition between Greek rationality (Athens) and biblical revelation (Jerusalem). In Athens and Jersusalem, Lev Shestov—an inspiration for the French existentialists and the foremost interlocutor of Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, and Martin Buber during the interwar years—makes the gripping confrontation between these symbolic poles of ancient wisdom his philosophical testament, an argumentative and stylistic tour de force.

Although the Russian-born Shestov is little known in the Anglophone world today, his writings influenced many twentieth-century European thinkers, such as Albert Camus, D. H. Lawrence, Thomas Mann, Czesław Miłosz, and Joseph Brodsky. Athens and Jerusalem is Shestov’s final, groundbreaking work on the philosophy of religion from an existential perspective. This new, annotated edition of Bernard Martin’s classic translation adds references to the cited works as well as glosses of passages from the original Greek, Latin, German, and French. Athens and Jerusalem is Shestov at his most profound and most eloquent and is the clearest expression of his thought that shaped the evolution of continental philosophy and European literature in the twentieth century.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780821422205
Publisher: Ohio University Press
Publication date: 12/20/2016
Pages: 352
Sales rank: 607,293
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Lev Shestov (1866–1938) elaborated a radical critique of rationalist knowledge and ethics from the point of view of individual human existence. Best known for his groundbreaking comparative studies of Tolstoy and Nietzsche, and of Dostoevsky and Nietzsche, Shestov defined his conception as the “philosophy of tragedy,” which opposed Greek speculative philosophy and biblical revelation.

Ramona Fotiade is the director of the Lev Shestov Studies Society and editor in chief of the Lev Shestov Journal. She teaches French philosophy, literature, and visual studies at the University of Glasgow.

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Second Edition Ramona Fotiade 1

Lev Shestov-The Thought from Outside

Prefatory Note Bernard Martin 21

Introduction Bernard Martin 23

The Life and Thought of Lev Shestov

Athens and Jerusalem

Foreword Lev Shestov 49

Wisdom and Revelation

I Parmenides in Chains 69

On the Sources of the Metaphysical Truths

II In the Bull of Phalaris 127

Knowledge and Freedom

III On the Philosophy of the Middle Ages 207

Concupiscentia Irresistibilis

IV On the Second Dimension of Thought 281

Struggle and Reflection

Lev Shestov-Biographical Timeline 331

Notes 345

Bibliography: Lev Shestov's Main Works and Translations into English, French, and German 357

Index 361

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