Biological Psychiatry, Higher Nervous Activity: Volume 1 and Volume 2

Biological Psychiatry, Higher Nervous Activity: Volume 1 and Volume 2

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1985)

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Biological Psychiatry, Higher Nervous Activity: Volume 1 and Volume 2 by P. Pichot

The purpose of the World Psychiatric Association is to coordinate the activities of its Member Societies on a world-wide scale and to advance enquiry into the etiology, pathology, and treatment of mental illness. To further this purpose, the Association organizes mono- or multithematic Regional Symposia in different parts of the world twice a year, and World Congresses dealing with all individual fields of psychiatry once every five or six years. Between these meetings the continuation of the Association's scientific work is assured through the activities of its specialty sections, each covering an important field of psychiatry. The programs of the World Congresses reflect on the one hand the intention to present the coordinating functions of the Association and on the other to open a broad platform for a free exchange of views. Thus, the VII World Congress of Psychiatry, held in Vienna from July 11 to 16, 1983, was composed of two types of scientific events - those structured by the Association and those left to the initiative of the participants. The first type comprised Plenary Sessions, planned by the Scientific Program Committee, and Section Symposia, organized by the WPA sections; the second embraced Free Symposia, free papers, video sessions, and poster presentations prepared by the participants. Altogether, 10 Plenary Sessions, 52 Section Symposia, and 105 Free Symposia took place, and 78 free papers and poster sessions and 10 video sessions were held.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781468483314
Publisher: Springer US
Publication date: 02/27/2013
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1985
Pages: 961
Product dimensions: 7.01(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.08(d)

Table of Contents

Biological Psychiatry.- Biological Aspects — Organic Brain Syndromes.- Organic Brain Syndromes in DSM-III.- Neuropeptides and Chemical Messengers in the Aging Brain.- Cross Sectional and Longitudinal Studies of Organic Brain Syndromes.- Biological Aspects — Functional Psychoses.- Today’s Problems and Results of Biological Research in Schizophrenia.- Evidence for Alterations of Brain Morphology and Function in Subgroups of Schizophrenic Subjects.- Psychobiological Studies of Mania.- Biochemical and Morphological Abnormalities in Paranoid and Nonparanoid Schizophrenia.- Peptides in Major Psychoses.- Recent Trends in Biological Depression Research.- Genetic Aspects of Psychiatry.- Genetics of Affective Psychoses — Some Methodological Considerations.- Trait, State, HPA Activity in Depression.- Heredity-Environment in Schizophrenia.- X-Linked Inheritance in Affective Disorders.- Genetics of Psychogenic Diseases.- New Prospects in the Treatment of Depression.- Preclinical Pharmacology of Antidepressants.- MAO-Inhibitors Revisited I: Andrenaline (A) and Noradrenaline(NA) in Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) in Isocarboxazide treated Rats.- MAO-Inhibitors Revisited II: Clinical Implications.- Serotonin in Depression and Suicide.- New Prospects in the Treatment of Depression.- Clinical and Research Aspects of Affective Disorders.- Biological Markers and Antidepressant Treatment Response.- EEG Sleep in Borderline Personality Disorder.- Affective Disorders and Borderline Personality.- Social Aspects of Depression.- Pathochemical Markers in Major Psychoses.- The Significance of Psychopathological Classification in Interpreting Biochemical Findings.- Metabolic Disturbances in Psychiatric Disorder: The Question of Diagnostic Speciticity.- Disturbances in Serine-Glycine Metabolism in Relation to Acute Psychoses with Psychedelic Symptoms.- Peptides and Amines in Affective Disorders.- Morphological Backgrounds of Pathochemical Studies in Major Psychoses.- Dopamine Function and Neuroleptics in Schizophrenia — Post-Mortem Studies of Human Brain Tissue.- Neuroendocrine and Receptor Binding Studies in Schizophrenia.- Decreased CSF Norepinephrine and Monoamine Metabolites in Schizophrenic Patients with Brain Atrophy as Shown with CT Scans.- Steroids in Psychiatry.- Role of Testosterone in Male Sexual Impotence Patients.- Psychotropic Effect of Combined Estrogen-Vit B6 Treatment in Endogenously Depressed Females.- Oestrogen Modulation of Dopamine Receptors: Autoreceptor Implication for Antidepressant Activity.- Neuroleptic-Like Activity of Estrogens.- Interactions between Gonadal Steroids and Neurotransmitters.- Frontiers In Psychoneuroendocrinology.- Neuroendocrine Involvement in Therapeutic Mechanisms of Neuroleptic and Antidepressant Drugs: Studies of Thyroid Axis.- Pharmacoendocrinology and its Clinical Relevance.- Chronobiology of Affective Disorders: Alterations in Circadian Secretion of Pituitary and Pineal Hormones in Bipolar and Unipolar Depression.- Neuroendocrine Control of Pituitary Function in Extrapiramidal Disorders.- Neuroendocrinological Profile of Major Depression.- Positron Emission Tomography.- RO 15 1788-11C: A Specific Radioligand for an “In Vivo” Study of Central Benzodiazepine Receptors, by Positron Emission Tomography.- PET Studies During Hypnosis and Hypnotic Suggestion.- A Study of Epilepsy and Interictal Psychosis Using the 0xygen-15 Inhalation Technique and Positron Emmission Tomography.- PET Studies on Brain Energy Metabolism and Dopamine Receptors in Schizophrenic Patients and Monkeys.- Laterality And Psychopathology.- Dynamic Hemispheric Imbalance in Schizophrenia.- Event-Related Potentials and Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia.- Serotonin and Disturbances of Mood.- Brain Serotonin, Mood-Regulation and Aggression- Regulation.- New Trends in the Pharmacology of Central Serotoninergic Receptors.- Indalpine, a New Serotonin Uptake Inhibitor.- A Double Blind Out Patient Comparative Trial of Indalpine Versus Mianserin.- The Comparative Effects of Indalpine and Amitriptyline on Saliva Production.- Psychobiology of Depression — Recent Findings and Theoretical Models.- Entrainment and Masking in the Chronobiology of Depression.- The Origin of Early REM Sleep Episodes in Depression and other Conditions.- Sleep Structure and Neuroendocrine Rhythms.- Neuroendocrinological Findings in Depression Compared with Findings in Malnutrition, Cushing’s Syndrome and Emotional Stress.- ACTH and Cortisol Secretion in Cushing’s Disease and in Endogenous Depression: Indication of a Common Pathway?.- Effect of Nitrous Oxide on Depressive Patients and Volunteers.- The Old Amine Theory and New Antidepressants.- Relevant Selectivity of Antidepressants.- The Serotonin-Noradrenaline Link-Hypothesis of Affective Disorders.- Biology of Mania.- Biochemistry of Mania.- The Psychopharmacology of Mania: Towards a Unifying Hypothesis.- Prolactin, Growth Hormone and Cortisol in Manic Illness.- Amphetamine Induced Arousal in Human Subjects as a Model for Mania.- Lithium Transport Research: from Cellular Membrane to Clinical Practice.- Ten Years of Lithium Transport Research.- Lithium Ion Transport Mechanisms in Human Erythrocytes.- LI Transport and the Psychoses.- Lithium Transport in Major Affective Disorders: A Model System for Membrane-Plasma and Genetic-Physiologic Interactions.- Lithium Transport in Brain Cells and Human Erythrocytes.- The Genetics of Lithium Metabolism in Major Affective Disorders.- Clinical Applications of Plasma Levels in the Management of Schizophrenia.- Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics of Neuroleptics and Neuroleptic Assay Methodology.- Plasma Levels and the Management of Chronic, Refractory Schizophrenia.- Plasma Levels as Predictors of Clinical Response and Violent Behavior.- Guidelines to Use of Plasma Levels from a Clinical Perspective.- Dosing Neuroleptic Medication With the Help of Electric Registration Of Extrapyramidal Fine Motoricity.- Optimum Dosage of Neuroleptic Agents by Electronic Recording of Extrapyramidal Fine Motoricity in Handwriting.- Computerized Evaluation of Fine-Motor Symptoms.- Fine-Motor Control of Neuroleptic Dosage.- Movement Disorders and Tardive Dyskinesia.- Diagnosis of Tardive Dyskinesia.- Spontaneous Dyskinesias Amongst Psychotic Patients.- Animal Models of Tardive Dyskinesia.- Experimental Tardive Dyskinesia.- Epidemiology of Tardive Dyskinesia.- Gaba-Ergic Treatment of Tardive Dyskinesia.- ECT: Background and Current Reserach.- Historical Remarks on the Discovery of ECT.- ECT, Acetylcholine Receptors, and Memory.- Memory Disturbance after ECT in Low-Pressure Narcosis.- The Influence of ECT on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow (rCBF).- Psychic Changes in Patients With Cerebrovascular Diseases.- Influence of Rheological Therapy on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Patients with Cerebrovascular Disease.- Organic Dementia: Clinical Picture Related to Regional Cerebral Blood Flow and Neuropathological Findings.- Reaction Time in Vascular (Multiinfarct) Dementia.- Computer as a Prosthesis in the Neuropsychological Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients.- Neuropsychological Aspects in Cortical Blindness due to Cerebral Infarcts.- Clinical and Morphological Aspects in Diagnosis and Prognosis of Vascular Dementia.- Cognitive and Conative Function Changes Depending on CVA and TIA.- Dementia and its Relation to Cerebrovascular Disease.- Organic Brain Syndromes in Cerebrovascular Disease — Early and Mild Cases without Focal Neurological Symptoms and Signs.- Psychic Changes in Patients With Cerebrovascular Diseases.- The Differentiation of Multi-Infarct and Alzheimer Dementia.- Differential Dignosis between Degenerative and Vascular Dementia.- Long Term Clinical Observation of Multi Infarct Dementia.- Systems Science and Systems Therapy.- General Living Systems Theory.- From Descartes to Pavlov to Anokhin: The Evolution of General Systems Concepts in Biomedical Sciences in Eastern Europe.- Systems Therapy.- Psychobiology of Anxiety.- Human Anxiety and Noradrenergic Function: Preliminary Studies with Caffeine, Clonidine and Yohimbine.- Sympathetic-Adrenal and Pituitary-Adrenal Response to Challenge.- Psychophysiological Response Patterns in Anxiety.- Classification of Anxiety Disorders.- Psychobiology of Anorexia Nervosa.- Anorexia Nervosa — An Addiction.- Depression, Anorexia Nervosa and Nutrition: Effects of Starvation on Endocrine Function and Mood.- Perceptions of the Body in Anorexia Nervosa.- Naloxone in the Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa: Metabolic and other Effects.- Physiological Basis of Anxiety.- Benzodiazepine Receptor-Mediated “Anxiety” in Patients.- Benzodiazepine and Non-Benzodiazepine Anxiolitics.- Mitral Valve Prolapse: A Mirror for Anxiety?.- The Development of Human Stress Response: Research Findings and Clinical Application.- Components of Human Stress Response: Coping with Hospitalization in Adolescents.- Speech Correlates of Stress and Coping.- Social Environment and Stress: A Study of Psychiatric and Psychosomatic Patients and their Families.- The Long-Term Stress of Chronic Illness: An Illustration from Pediatric Oncology.- Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia: Stress Syndromes?.- The Role of Psycho-Social Stresses in Bronchial Asthma.- Stress and the Adolescent’s Reproductive System.- Stress and the Heart.- Anti-Anxiety Drugs in Cardiac Disorders.- Psychogenic Hypertension: Experimental Review.- The Relaxation Response and Reduced Norepinephrine Reactivity.- Reduction of Cardiac Risk Factors by Autogenic Training and Physical Training.- Higher Nervous Activity.- Physiological Investigations Of Psychological Processes in Health and Psychiatric Diseases.- Higher Nervous Activity in Psychiatric Patients.- The Two Models of Conditioning of Neurotic Anxiety.- Conditioning of Autonomic Functions, Schizokinesis, and Psychosomatic Medicine.- Biofeedback and Anxiety States.- Biofeedback Treatment in Psychosomatic Illness.- Extinction Failure in Classical Conditioning as a Mechanism of Psychosomatic Illness.- Computer Assisted EEG-Analysis as an Approach to the Exploration of Mental Processes.- Goal Directed Behaviour and Movement Related Brain Macropotentials.- Orienting Reflexes in Psychophysiological Health and Disease.- Cardiorespiratory Orienting Responses as Predictors of Individuals at Risk for Psychovisceral Disorders.- The Orienting Reflex and Functional Stability of the Nervous System.- Anxiety and Attention.- Some Characteristics of Orienting Reflexes.- The Diagnostic Potential of the Orienting Reflex.- Orienting Reflexes in Medical Practice.- Psychopharmacological Implications of the Orienting Reflex.- Basic Research and Clinical Indications of Psychiatric Surgery.- Indications for Psychosurgery: Some Theoretical Aspects.- Follow-Up Study of Obsessive-Compulsive Patients Treated by Psychiatric Surgery in Belgium and The Netherlands from 1971 to 1981.- Author Index.- Summary Contents of Volume I — VIII.

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