Cyber Warfare: A Reference Handbook

Cyber Warfare: A Reference Handbook

by Paul J. Springer

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781610694438
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 02/28/2015
Series: Contemporary World Issues Series
Pages: 340
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Paul J. Springer, PhD, is associate professor of comparative military studies at the Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell Air Force Base.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii

1 Background and History 3

Information as a Tool of War 3

The Role of Communications in Modern Warfare 6

Early Attempts at Encryption 9

Direct Observation Techniques 10

The Creation of Cyberspace 13

The Cyber Attacks Begin 19

Cyber Enabling in the Nuclear Middle East 26

Preparations for Infrastructure Cyber Attacks 32

Russian Hacktivists and National Pride 34

The Chinese Approach to Irregular Warfare 38

The Current State of Cyber War 45

References 46

2 Problems, Controversies, and Solutions 51

Is a Cyber War Possible? 51

Cyber as a Military Domain 55

Cyber Strategy 62

Instruments of National Power 71

Cyber Crime, Cyber Espionage, Cyberterrorism 79

The Problem of Attribution 92

People and Paranoia 98

Cyber Ethics 101

References 104

3 Perspectives 109

Escalation in Cyberspace: Martin Libicki 110

Training Tomorrow's Cyber Warriors: Nicholas Michael Sambaluk 116

Cyber Warfare in the Professional Military Education System: S. Michael Pavelec 120

Waging e-Jihad: Heidi L. Dexter 125

The Relationship between Space and Cyber Assets: Brian Tannehifl 131

References 137

4 Profiles 143

Alexander, Keith B. 143

Alperovitch, Dmitri 145

Anonymous 146

Carpenter, Shawn 148

Carr, Jeffrey 150

Clarke, Richard Alan 151

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) 153

Defense Information Systems Agency (U.S.) 155

FireEye, Inc. 157

Google, Inc. 158

Hayden, Michael 161

Kaspersky, Yevgeniy "Eugene" Valentinovich 163

Libicki, Martin 165

Mandiant 167

McAfee, Inc. 168

Microsoft Corporation 170

Mitnick, Kevin 172

National Security Agency 175

NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence 178

People's Liberation Army Unit 61398 (China) 179

Qiao Liang and Wang Xiangsui 181

RAND Corporation 184

Rogers, Michael S. 185

Russian Business Network (RBN) 187

Snowden, Edward 188

Symantec Corporation 192

Syrian Electronic Army 194

Tenenbaum, Ehud "Udi," 196

U.S. Cyber Command 197

WikiLeaks 199

References 202

5 Documents 211

Excerpts from the North Atlantic Treaty (1949) 211

Remarks of President Barack Obama on Securing the Nation's Cyber Infrastructure, Washington, D.C., May 29, 2009 213

Excerpts of Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Internet Freedom, Washington, D.C., January 21, 2010 218

Excerpts from the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare, Draft, NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, 2010 223

Excerpts of "International Strategy for Cyberspace," May 2011 226

Excerpts of Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta on Cybersecurity, October 11, 2012 236

Excerpts from U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Science Board, Task Force Report: "Resilient Military Systems and the Advanced Cyber Threat," January 2013 242

Statement of General Keith B. Alexander, Commander, United States Cyber Command, before the Senate Committee on Armed Services, March 12, 2013 248

6 Resources 253

Print Resources 253

Nonprint Resources 287

7 Chronology 295

Glossary 313

Index 323

About the Author 341

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