Flourish: A Visionary New Understanding of Happiness and Well-being

Flourish: A Visionary New Understanding of Happiness and Well-being

by Martin E. P. Seligman


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From the bestselling author of Learned Optimism and Authentic Happiness comes “a relentlessly optimistic guidebook on finding and securing individual happiness” (Kirkus Reviews).

With this unprecedented promise, internationally esteemed psychologist Martin Seligman begins Flourish, his first book in ten years—and the first to present his dynamic new concept of what well-being really is. Traditionally, the goal of psychology has been to relieve human suffering, but the goal of the Positive Psychology movement, which Dr. Seligman has led for fifteen years, is different—it’s about actually raising the bar for the human condition.

Flourish builds on Dr. Seligman’s game-changing work on optimism, motivation, and character to show how to get the most out of life, unveiling an electrifying new theory of what makes a good life—for individuals, for communities, and for nations. In a fascinating evolution of thought and practice, Flourish refines what Positive Psychology is all about.

While certainly a part of well-being, happiness alone doesn’t give life meaning. Seligman now asks, What is it that enables you to cultivate your talents, to build deep, lasting relationships with others, to feel pleasure, and to contribute meaningfully to the world? In a word, what is it that allows you to flourish? “Well-being” takes the stage front and center, and Happiness (or Positive Emotion) becomes one of the five pillars of Positive Psychology, along with Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, and Accomplishment—or PERMA, the permanent building blocks for a life of profound fulfillment.

Thought-provoking in its implications for education, economics, therapy, medicine, and public policy—the very fabric of society—Flourish tells inspiring stories of Positive Psychology in action, including how the entire U.S. Army is now trained in emotional resilience; how innovative schools can educate for fulfillment in life and not just for workplace success; and how corporations can improve performance at the same time as they raise employee well-being.

With interactive exercises to help readers explore their own attitudes and aims, Flourish is a watershed in the understanding of happiness as well as a tool for getting the most out of life. On the cutting edge of a science that has changed millions of lives, Dr. Seligman now creates the ultimate extension and capstone of his bestselling classics, Authentic Happiness and Learned Optimism.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781439190760
Publisher: Atria Books
Publication date: 02/07/2012
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 368
Sales rank: 79,441
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.30(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Martin E. P. Seligman is the Robert A. Fox Professor of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. His visionary work in Positive Psychology has been supported by the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Science Foundation, the Guggenheim Foundation, the Mellon Foundation, and the MacArthur Foundation.

Table of Contents

Preface 1

Part 1 A New Positive Psychology 3

Chapter 1 What Is Well-Being? 5

The Birth of a New Theory 9

The Original Theory: Authentic Happiness 11

From Authentic Happiness Theory to Well-Being Theory 13

Well-Being Theory 14

The Elements of Well-Being 16

Kindness Exercise 21

Flourishing as the Goal of Positive Psychology 26

Chapter 2 Creating Your Happiness: Positive Psychology Exercises That Work 30

The Gratitude Visit 30

Can Well-Being Be Changed? 31

What-Went-Well Exercise 33

Positive Psychology Interventions and Cases 35

Signature Strengths Exercise 38

Positive Psychotherapy 40

Chapter 3 The Dirty Little Secret of Drugs and Therapy 45

Cure Versus Symptom Relief 46

The 65 Percent Barrier 47

Active, Constructive Responding 48

Dealing with Negative Emotions 51

A New Approach to Cure 53

Applied Psychology Versus Basic Psychology: Problems Versus Puzzles 55

Wittgenstein, Popper, and Penn 56

Chapter 4 Teaching Well-Being: The Magic of MAPP 63

The First MAPP 64

Ingredients of Applied Positive Psychology 66

Intellectually Challenging Applicable Content 66

Personal and Professional Transformation 70

Transformations 71

Called to Positive Psychology 75

Chapter 5 Positive Education: Teaching Well-Being to Young People 78

Should Well-Being Be Taught in School? 79

The Penn Resiliency Program: A Way to Teach Well-Being in School 81

Three-Good-Things Exercise 84

Using Signature Strengths in New Ways 84

The Geelong Grammar School Project 85

Teaching Positive Education 89

Embedding Positive Education 90

Living Positive Education 92

Positive Computing 93

A New Measure of Prosperity 96

Part 2 The Ways to Flourish 99

Chapter 6 GRIT, Character, and Achievement: A New Theory of Intelligence 101

Success and Intelligence 102

Positive Character 103

Drawn by the Future, Not Driven by the Past 104

What Intelligence Is 106

Speed 106

The Virtue of Slowness 110

Executive Function 112

Rate of Learning: The First Derivative of Speed 113

Self-Control and GRIT 115

GRIT Versus Self-Discipline 118

High Human Accomplishment 119

GRIT's Benefits 122

Building the Elements of Success 124

Chapter 7 Army Strong: Comprehensive Soldier Fitness 126

A Psychologically Fit Army 126

Global Assessment Tool (GAT) 129

Online Courses 137

Emotional Fitness Module 139

Family Fitness Module 142

Social Fitness Module 143

Spiritual Fitness Module 149

Chapter 8 Turning Trauma into Growth 152

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 152

Post-Traumatic Growth 159

Post-Traumatic Growth Course 161

Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory 161

Master Resilience Training 163

Building Mental Toughness 167

The Hot Seat: Fighting Catastrophic Thoughts in Real Time 169

Hunt the Good Stuff 171

Character Strengths 171

Building Strong Relationships 173

The Rollout 177

Chapter 9 Positive Physical Health: The Biology of Optimism 182

Turning Medicine on Its Head 182

Origins of Learned Helplessness Theory 184

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) 190

Infectious Illness 194

Cancer and All-Cause Mortality 200

Is Well-Being Causal, and How Might It Protect? 204

Positive Health 208

Army Database: A National Treasure 211

Cardiovascular Health Assets 213

Exercise as a Health Asset 214

Chapter 10 The Politics and Economics of Well-Being 221

Beyond Money 221

The Divergence Between GDP and Well-Being 222

The Financial Downturn 228

Ethics Versus Values 228

Optimism and Economics 232

Reflexive and Nonreflexive Reality 234

Perma 51 237

Appendix: Signature Strengths Test 243

Thanks and Acknowledgments 267

Notes 271

Index 321

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Flourish: A Visionary New Understanding of Happiness and Well-being 2.9 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 17 reviews.
lbeaumont on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Learning to flourish In the eight years since publishing Authentic Happiness, Martin Seligman has continued to refine his understanding of positive psychology. ¿Being in a state of mental health is not merely being disorder free; rather it is the presence of flourishing¿ he tells us as he makes his case for flourishing as perhaps the wisest goal for humanity.Flourishing¿increasing our well-being¿is characterized by these five elements:1.Positive Emotions¿The pleasant life, positive affect, feeling happy,2.Engagement¿Flow, getting lost in your work,3.(Positive) Relationships¿other people, 4.Meaning ¿ Belonging to and serving something bigger than yourself, and5.Accomplishment¿completing tasks and projects.These can be recalled using the mnemonic: PERMA. His previous Authentic Happiness theory include only the first two of these.Exercises described in the book that can increase well-being include:1.Gratitude Visit¿Recall someone who was kind to you but who you never properly thanked. Write out a one-page note thanking them in depth. Visit that person and read the entire note to them.2.Random acts of kindness¿Just do something unexpected and kind to others. He bought $10 of penny stamps and handed them out to the people standing in a long line at the post office3.What Went Well (Three Blessings)¿Every night for the next week set aside ten minutes before going to sleep. Write down three things that went well today and why then went well.4.Apply your signature strengths¿Take the VIA Survey at the AuthenticHappiness.org website to identify your signature strengths. Then find a new way to apply and exercise those strengths.5.Respond Actively and Constructively when hearing something good has happened to someone you care about.This is not frivolous happy talk. Seligman is a careful and experienced researcher. The book describes and references rigorous studies that measure and demonstrate the effectiveness of these approaches and methods. He is also candid and cautious in identifying preliminary results and areas where more research is needed. ¿There is no reason to believe that faking positive emotions will work to improve health,¿ he admonishes. Flourishing is not a façade, it is a profound transformation. Much of the book describes programs that are increasing flourishing of young people at the Penn Resiliency Program, the Strath Haven High School, and the remarkable Greelong Grammar School in Australia. Two chapters describe his work to increase resiliency of soldiers as part of the ¿Comprehensive Soldier Fitness¿ program now being deployed throughout the US Army. This includes training in ¿Post-Traumatic Growth¿¿gaining positive insights after experiencing a tragedy¿which seeks to reduce the incidence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. These sometimes indulgent narratives provide a snapshot of his work in progress while they strengthen his key thesis that flourishing can be taught.Encouraged by success in teaching people to flourish, he challenges us with a bold ¿moon shot¿ goal for positive psychology. ¿By the year 2051, 51 percent of the people of the world will be flourishing¿ he credibly predicts. It is only a matter of will, engagement, meaning, and accomplishment!Read this book, practice the exercises, and become one of the 51 percent he calls PERMA 51.
NellieMc on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Not a textbook, which is good, and often states illuminating ideas, esp. the difference between being happy and flourishing. Well worth reading, although there is a lot of irrelevant details about the author's history in establishing and justifying the field of positive psychology and his students. His points would have been more emphatic and memorable without the superfluous details.
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