The Genesis of Neo-Kantianism, 1796-1880

The Genesis of Neo-Kantianism, 1796-1880

by Frederick C. Beiser

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Overview

Frederick C. Beiser tells the story of the emergence of neo-Kantianism from the late 1790s until the 1880s. He focuses on neo-Kantianism before official or familiar neo-Kantianism, i.e., before the formation of the various schools of neo-Kantianism in the 1880s and 1890s (which included the Marburg school, the Southwestern school, and the Gottingen school). Beiser argues that the source of neo-Kantianism lies in three crucial but neglected figures: Jakob Friedrich Fries, Johann Friedrich Herbart, and Friedrich Beneke, who together form what he calls 'the lost tradition'. They are the first neo-Kantians because they defended Kant's limits on knowledge against the excesses of speculative idealism, because they upheld Kant's dualisms against their many critics, and because they adhered to Kant's transcendental idealism. Much of The Genesis of Neo-Kantianism, 1796-1880 is devoted to an explanation for the rise of neo-Kantianism. Beiser contends that it became a greater force in the decades from 1840 to 1860 in response to three major developments in German culture: the collapse of speculative idealism; the materialism controversy; and the identity crisis of philosophy. As he goes on to argue, after the 1860s neo-Kantianism became a major philosophical force because of its response to two later cultural developments: the rise of pessimism and Darwinism.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780198769989
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 06/01/2017
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 624
Sales rank: 1,203,055
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

Frederick C. Beiser, Syracuse University, New York

Frederick C. Beiser was born and raised in the US, and studied in the UK at Oriel and Wolfson Colleges, Oxford. He also studied in Germany and lived in Berlin for many years, receiving stipends from the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung and the Humboldt Stiftung. He has taught in universities across the US, and is currently Professor of Philosophy at Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York. Beiser is the author of Schiller as Philosopher (OUP, 2005), Diotima's Children (OUP, 2009), The German Historicist Tradition (OUP, 2011), and Late German Idealism (OUP, 2013).

Table of Contents

General Introduction: Defining and Re-Examining Neo-Kantianism
Part I
Introduction: The Lost Tradition
1. Jakob Friedrich Fries and the Birth of Psychologism
2. Johann Friedrich Herbart, Neo-Kantian Metaphysician
3. Friedrich Eduard Beneke, Neo-Kantian Martyr
4. The Interim Years
Part II
Introduction: The Coming of Age
5. Kuno Fischer, Hegelian Neo-Kantian
6. Eduard Zeller, Neo-Kantian Classicist
7. Rehabilitating Otto Liebmann
8. Jurgen Bona Meyer, Neo-Kantian Skeptic
9. Friedrich Albert Lange, Poet and Materialist Manque
10. The Battle against Pessimism
11. Encounter with Darwinism
Part III
Introduction: The New Establishment
12. The Young Hermann Cohen
13. Wilhelm Windelband and Normativity
14. The Realism of Alois Riehl
Bibliography I: Primary Sources
Bibliography II: Secondary Sources

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