This book is a continuation of my Motivation and Personality, published in 1954. It was constructed in about the same way, that is, by doing one piece at a time of the larger theoretical structure. It is a predecessor to work yet to be done toward the construction of a comprehensive, systematic and empirically based general psychology and philosophy which includes both the depths and the heights of human nature. The last chapter is to some extent a program for this future work, and serves as a bridge to it. It is a first attempt to integrate the "health-and-growth psychology" with psychopathology and psychoanalytic dynamics, the dynamic with the holistic, Becoming with Being, good with evil, positive with negative. Phrased in another way, it is an effort to build on the general psychoanalytic base and on the scientific-positivistic base of experimental psychology, the Eupsychian, B-psychological and metamotivational superstructure which these two systems lack, going beyond their limits.
It is very difficult, I have found, to communicate to others my simultaneous respect for and impatience with these two comprehensive psychologies. So many people insist on being either pro-Freudian or anti-Freudian, pro-scientific-psychology or anti-scientific-psychology, etc. In my opinion all such loyalty-positions are silly. Our job is to integrate these various truths into the whole truth, which should be our only loyalty.
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About the Author
ABRAHAM H. MASLOW, PhD (1908-70), was born in Brooklyn, New York, and educated at the City College of New York and the University of Wisconsin. Before assuming his post as Chairman of the Department of Psychology at Brandeis University in 1951, he taught for fourteen years at Brooklyn College. Dr. Maslow also served as President of the American Psychological Association from 1967-68.
Table of ContentsA LARGER JURISDICTION FOR PSYCHOLOGY.
Introduction: Toward a Psychology of Health.
What Psychology Can Learn from the Existentialists.
GROWTH AND MOTIVATION.
Deficiency Motivation and Growth Motivation.
Defense and Growth.
The Need to Know and the Fear of Knowing.
GROWTH AND COGNITION.
Cognition of Being in the Peak-Experiences.
Peak-Experiences as Acute Identity-Experiences.
Some Dangers of Being-Cognition.
Resistance to Being Rubricized.
Creativity in Self-Actualizing People.
Psychological Data and Human Values.
Values, Growth, and Health.
Health as Transcendence of Environment.
Some Basic Propositions of a Growth and Self-Actualization Psychology.
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