Dr. Nkrumah begins Africa Must Unite with the words freedom, hedsole, sawaba, uhuru: the slogans of what he calls "the greatest political phenomenon of the latter part of the twentieth century—African nationalism." The book reflects the optimism and energy of the 1950s and 1960s, when many African nations were, at last, throwing off their European colonial rulers, and black people throughout the world were engaged in movements of liberation.
The former president of Ghana, Dr. Nkrumah wrote Africa Must Unite right after the country had gained its independence, and he based his arguments and direction on the new perspectives that opened up for Ghana at that momentous time. "The survival of free Africa, the extending independence of this continent, and the development towards that bright future on which our hopes and endeavours are pinned, depend upon political unity. In this century there have already been two world wars fought on the slogans of the preservation of democracy; on the right of peoples to determine the form of government under which they want to live."
"Africa unite" was the chant repeated throughout Africa in the late 1960s and used to bind all black and brown peoples together. "The great millions of Africa, and of Asia, have grown impatient of being hewers of wood and drawers of water, and are rebelling against the false belief that providence created some to be the menials of others." Dr. Nkrumah believed that Africa must unite because all of Africa, no matter the enslavers, are enslaved for much the same reasons: forced labor and subjugation for the
enrichment of other peoples. It was Dr. Nkrumah's belief that the twentieth century, a century of emancipation and revolution, would finally eradicate colonial rule and imperialist exploitation. His broad, Pan-Africanist vision, while still not a reality, remains an inspiration